- "Provide what the land does not. Your people will love you for it."
Nubia is the Land of the Bow, and their civ’s archers are second to none. Amanitore led the historical Nubians on their greatest building spree; she does the same here with her fascination with city planning and district construction.
Amanitore, watchful Queen of Nubia, the empire you command shall claim the horizon as its border. Don't fear those who covet your abundant gold, for your archers can part their hair at five hundred paces. Your cities shall know prosperity and piety, wise queen, for the Land of the Bow honors its past as surely as it builds its own future.
Amanitore's unique agenda is called City Planner. She always tries to have the greatest possible number of districts in her cities and likes civilizations that do the same.
Nubia will want to scout aggressively for desert tiles while rushing toward Masonry. With that technology in hand, they can place down their cities, always striving for a cluster of their pyramids in the center. Districts placed next to these pyramids will provide amplified yields, powering the civ’s development. Finding mines is also a key priority: historically all the mineral riches enjoyed by Egypt came from Nubia and this civilization can get rich from minerals as well. And if they need to defend their cities, they have the world's best ranged units who should easily be up to the task.
Agenda-based Approval: Your cities are built properly. For each task, a place to perform it.
Agenda-based Disapproval: Your cities overflow with filth. Why not put your land to more productive use?
Attacked: As predicted, you know only how to take. Come, then—choose the manner of your defeat.
Declares War: We have arrows, finely honed. We shall deliver them freely to your throat.
Defeated: Though Nubia declines, our pyramids shall remain long after your plans fall to ruin.
Greeting: I am Amanitore of Nubia. All are welcome in our magnificent cities—provided they come as friends.
It is an honor to meet you: While nearby, might you visit our city? Our pyramids offer an impressive sight, especially at dawn.
Denounced: I will not ask how you dare say such a vile thing. With you, I always expect the worst.
Denunciation: You are the worst kind of flood—when you deign to show up, you cover everything you touch in muck.
Requests a Declaration of Friendship: The Nubian people speak highly of your own. Let us formalize our friendship with a public declaration!
Player Accepts Her Declaration of Friendship: How gracious of you.
Kandake Amanitore ruled Nubia at the turning of an era. A powerful queen, feared by her enemies and beloved by her people, she was one of the last great builders of the Kingdom of Kush. Amanitore restored the Land of the Bow to its greatness following a period of turmoil. Her rule was long and her works lasting.
At least, that is what historians have pieced together. Two millennia and one dead language later, there is little surviving written record of Amanitore in the form of scrolls or other documents. What remains is carved into the very stone of the buildings she left behind.
The most nebulous aspect of Amanitore's life is who she was before she became queen. Indeed, her personality is a cypher. We can only interpret. One abstract depiction of the kandake shows her mercilessly slaying enemies she has already subjugated. Was it from an actual incident where she ordered the execution of rebels, or propaganda proclaiming her righteous vengeance against those who would be enemies of the state?
Even then, her actual role as queen is difficult to pin down. Conflicting accounts of her co-ruler Natakamani depict him as either her husband or her son, though thankfully never both. Furthermore, Amanitore succeeded Kandake Amanishakheto, who was either her mother-in-law (if Natakamani was Amanitore's husband), her actual mother (if Natakamani was Amanitore's son), or some other form of relation lost to time.
The fuzzy details of Amanitore's lineage are less important than the role she held. The title of kandake—or “candace,” as the Romans called it—roughly translates to “queen-mother,” but it did not equate to a regent ruling on behalf of an heir too young to hold power. Instead, the kandakes were independent queens who ruled alone with husband consorts or with kings in a form of co-rulership.
Amanitore's reign took the latter form, with Natakamani as her equal. There is scant information on any aspect of her life before she became queen (around 1 BCE). Still, monuments always depict both co-rulers as adults, so she was likely in her prime when her rule began. In fact, the depictions of Amanitore and Natakamani deliberately present the two as equivalent, particularly in religious buildings, which was uncommon for the time.
With Egypt a Roman vassal and Rome on amicable terms with Nubia, no regional conflicts threatened Amanitore's reign. The relatively peaceful time and the collaborative autonomy of co-rulership let Amanitore pursue what would become her legacy—an extended period of building that brought great prosperity to the Meroitic kingdom. Among her works were the construction of Nubian pyramids and tombs, restoration of Amun's temple in Meroe, and infrastructure projects, such as the reservoirs built near the capital.
Amanitore also rebuilt the temple of Amun at Napata—the same temple that Roman invaders had destroyed just two decades prior. As Amanitore’s name incorporated the name of the god Amun, it is reasonable to assume its restoration was a point of pride for the busy queen. Indeed, her efforts helped revive Jebel Barkal to at least a fraction of its former glory.
Although the queen enjoyed cordial relations with Rome, the decades-earlier reprisal raids into Egyptian (which is to say, "Roman") territory had recovered bronze statues of Augustus Caesar as spoils of war. An apocryphal tale describes Amanitore burying the decapitated head of one such statue beneath temple stairs in Meroe so Nubians would always walk over the Roman emperor responsible for razing Napata. (It was most likely Kandake Amanirenas, her predecessor, who actually did this.) Whether or not she was actually responsible for its burial, the "Meroe head" of Augustus Caesar was recovered in the early 20th Century—found beneath a flight of temple steps.
As with the confusion surrounding Amanitore's ascension, we know very little about the end of her reign. Some estimates put the date of her death at roughly 20 CE. Treasure hunters have long since plundered her tomb in Meroe.
Despite the many unknown aspects of Amanitore, the extensive building program she left behind inspired later kandakes to expand upon her work, which in turn led to a flourishing of Meroitic culture and fortunes through the Second Century. Archaeologists continue to uncover examples of her influence, including a set of recently unearthed Nubian pyramids built during her reign.
- Amanitore's diplomacy screen shows a Nubian Pyramid on a floodplain.
- Amanitore's leader ability is her title, while her leader agenda references her status as one of the last great builders of the Kingdom of Kush.
The 25th Dynasty
Playing as Nubia, liberate the original Egyptian capital in a liberation war with the capital's conqueror
Win a regular game as Amanitore