Bureaucracy is a form of government in which a professional class manages the day-to-day operations of the government. They collect the taxes. They build the roads. They turn the ruler's wishes into actuality. The Chinese mandarins are an early example of a bureaucracy. The motor vehicle agency of your local government is a later example.
Bureaucracies provide a certain amount of stability and competence to a government, ensuring that the government will continue to operate efficiently even if the old ruler is thrown out and a new and totally inexperienced ruler takes his or her place. Over time, though, a bureaucracy may become "entrenched" - growing in size and inefficiency to the point where it is extremely difficult for a leader to accomplish anything - good or ill.
|Civilization IV Civics |
|Government||Despotism • Hereditary Rule • Police State • Representation • Universal Suffrage|
|Legal||Barbarism • Bureaucracy • Free Speech • Nationhood • Vassalage|
|Labor||Caste System • Emancipation • Serfdom • Slavery • Tribalism|
|Economy||Decentralization • Environmentalism • Free Market • Mercantilism • State Property|
|Religion||Free Religion • Organized Religion • Pacifism • Paganism • Theocracy|