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Carl Sagan is an Information Era Great Scientist in Civilization VI.

Unique ability[]

Grants 3,000 Production Production towards Space Race project construction.

Civilopedia entry[]

Carl Sagan was many things – astronomer, astrophysicist, astrobiologist – but it was his efforts as a popularizer of modern science that made him famous. Sagan, among other things, helped discover the high surface temperature of Venus and demonstrated the production of amino acids from common chemicals by radiation (thus proving extraterrestrial life possible). He assembled the physical messages sent into deep space: the Pioneer plaque and Voyager recording. Yet it was his effort to bring the cosmos to civilization which made him a celebrity.

Probably the best-known scientist in the world in the 1970s and 1980s, Carl Edward Sagan was born in Brooklyn in November 1934 AD. A not-so-typical teenager, Sagan graduated from high school at the age of 16, and entered the University of Chicago to study physics in 1955. After completing a PhD in astronomy and astrophysics in four years, Carl landed at the University of California-Berkeley. The early ‘60s found him at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, where his work centered on the physical conditions of planets, notably Venus and Jupiter. In 1968 Sagan became head of Cornell University’s Laboratory for Planetary Studies, and soon worked with NASA to choose landing sites on Mars for the Viking probes.

Now fairly well-known among cosmologists, articulate and energetic, Carl Sagan became a science author for the masses with a series of bestsellers such as 'Cosmic Connection' (1973), 'Other Worlds' (1975), and 'The Dragons of Eden' (1977, Pulitzer Prize winner). He consulted on Hollywood films to ensure “accuracy” – such as for Kubrick’s '2001: A Space Odyssey.' In 1980, he co-founded the Planetary Society. Oh, and he launched the influential TV series 'Cosmos: A Personal Voyage,' which he both wrote and hosted. He died of pneumonia, a complication of his myelodysplasia, at the age of 62.

Civilization VI Great People [edit]
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Great Works
Comandantes Generales1
Antonio Jose de SucreAntonio NariñoFrancisco de Paula SantanderGregor MacGregorJosé Antonio PáezJosé Félix RibasManuel PiarMariano MontillaRafael UrdanetaSantiago Mariño
Great Admirals
ArtemisiaChester NimitzChing ShihClancy FernandoFerdinand Magellan R&F-Only.pngFrancis DrakeFranz von HipperGaius DuiliusGrace HopperHanno the Navigator1Himerios1Horatio NelsonJoaquim Marques LisboaLaskarina BouboulinaLeif EriksonMatthew Perry1Rajendra CholaSanta CruzSergei GorshkovThemistoclesTogo HeihachiroYi Sun-SinZheng He
Great Artists
Amrita Sher-GilAndrei RublevAngelica KauffmanBoris OrlovskyClaude MonetDonatelloEdmonia LewisEl GrecoGustav KlimtHasegawa Tōhaku1Hieronymus BoschJang Seung-eopKamāl ud-Dīn Behzād1Katsushika HokusaiMarie-Anne CollotMary CassattMichelangeloQiu YingRembrandt van RijnSofonisba AnguissolaTitianVincent van GoghWassily Kandinsky1
Great Engineers
Ada LovelaceAlvar AaltoBi ShengCharles CorreaFilippo BrunelleschiGustave EiffelImhotep1Isidore of MiletusJames of St. GeorgeJames WattJane DrewJohn RoeblingJoseph PaxtonKenzo Tange1Leonardo da VinciMimar SinanNikola TeslaRobert GoddardSergei KorolevShah Jahān1Wernher von Braun
Great Generals
Ahmad Shah MassoudAna NzingaBoudicaDandara1Douglas MacArthurDwight EisenhowerEl CidGenghis KhanGeorgy ZhukovGustavus AdolphusHannibal BarcaJeanne d'ArcJohn MonashJosé de San MartínMarina RaskovaNapoleon BonaparteRani LakshmibaiSamori TouréSimón BolívarSudirmanSun TzuTimur R&F-Only.pngTrưng Trắc1Tupac Amaru1Vijaya WimalaratneÆthelflæd
Great Merchants
Adam SmithColaeusEstée LauderGiovanni de' MediciHelena RubinsteinIbn Fadlan1Irene of AthensJakob FuggerJamsetji TataJohn Jacob AstorJohn RockefellerJohn SpilsburyLevi StraussMarco PoloMarcus Licinius CrassusMary Katherine GoddardMasaru IbukaMelitta BentzPiero de' BardiRaja Todar MalSarah BreedloveStamford Raffles1Zhang QianZhou Daguan1
Great Musicians
Antonio VivaldiAntonín DvořákAntônio Carlos GomesClara SchumannDimitrie Cantemir1Franz LisztFrédéric ChopinGauhar JaanJohann Sebastian BachJuventino RosasLili'uokalaniLiu TianhuaLudwig van BeethovenMykola LeontovychPeter Ilyich TchaikovskyScott Joplin1Wolfgang Amadeus MozartYatsuhashi Kengyo
Great Prophets
Adi ShankaraBodhidharmaConfuciusFrancis of AssisiHaji HuudIrenaeusJohn the BaptistLaoziMadhva AcharyaMartin LutherO No YasumaroSiddhartha GautamaSimon PeterSongtsan GampoThomas AquinasZoroaster
Great Scientists
Abdus SalamAbu Al-Qasim Al-ZahrawiAlan TuringAlbert EinsteinAlfred NobelAryabhataCarl SaganCharles DarwinDmitri MendeleevEmilie Du ChateletErwin SchrödingerEuclidGalileo GalileiHildegard of BingenHypatiaIbn Khaldun1Isaac NewtonJames YoungJanaki AmmalMargaret Mead1Mary LeakeyOmar KhayyamStephanie KwolekZhang Heng1
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Alexander PushkinBeatrix Potter1BhasaEdgar Allen PoeEmily DickinsonF. Scott FitzgeraldGabriela Mistral1Geoffrey ChaucerH. G. WellsHomerJames JoyceJane AustenJohann Wolfgang von GoetheKarel CapekLeo TolstoyLi BaiMargaret CavendishMarie-Catherine d'AulnoyMark TwainMary ShelleyMiguel de CervantesMurasaki ShikibuNiccolò MachiavelliOvidQu YuanRabindranath TagoreRumi1Valmiki1William Shakespeare
1 Requires a DLC

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