In Rise and Fall, this government's legacy bonus is conferred by Republican Legacy, a Wildcard policy unlocked by changing governments after adopting Classical Republic and constructing a Tier 1 government building (Ancestral Hall, Audience Chamber, or Warlord's Throne).
Classical Republic primarily focuses on the generation of Great People. As such, it is useful for civilizations with bonuses toward Great Person points, such as Brazil. This is the obvious choice for Scotland, whose bonuses focus on earning Great People and getting more rewards from happy cities.
Cleisthenes’ Athens, pre-Caesar Rome, Carthage, as well as a host of less-famous civilizations have followed a republican model. In a republic, power rests with selected individuals who represent the citizenry (usually some limited sector of the citizenry) and rule in accordance with some mutually agreed-upon law. A generalized "republic" might refer to governments such as Iceland's "Althing" - a medieval parliament, or to the Tlaxcala Nahua state - a pre-Colombian free state in Mexico that had a representative assembly, including (shockingly, for Classical Greek minds) commoners' representation. But the word "republic" draws most clearly to mind the Mediterranean, and especially the Roman Republic (509 BC-27 BC), with its complex system of assemblies and magistrates, all drawing upon the idea of a "civic" sector - a representative sample of particular populations, as well as some degree of checks against the rise of autocracy. Of course, the latter didn't work out for Rome.
These notions of civic pride and civil society re-emerged during the Renaissance to influence modern European political theory. Here, as Europe incorporated ideas from antiquity and engaged with the Muslim world, new alternatives to the divine right of kings emerged. City-states especially in Italy embraced republican ideas - and writers such as the political theorist Niccolo Machiavelli provided an updated blueprint. But in so doing, the notions of civic virtue and the institutions of the Classical Republic had changed, moving forward towards something new.
- The artwork of Classical Republic depicts the modern statues of Socrates and Plato in front of the National Academy of Athens.
- The Civilopedia text describes Texas as merely having pretensions to being a nation, when in fact it was a fully independent nation for nearly a decade from March 2, 1836 to February 19, 1846.
|Civilization VI Governments |
|Autocracy • Catholic Monarchy1 • Chiefdom • Classical Republic • Colonial Government1 • Communism • Corporate Libertarianism • Democracy • Digital Democracy • Fascism • Kandake1 • Merchant Republic • Monarchy • Oligarchy • Penal Settlement1 • Pharaoh1 • State Government1 • Synthetic Technocracy • Thalassocracy1 • Theocracy|
|1 Specific scenarios only
Added in the Gathering Storm expansion pack.