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Egyptian   Ptolemaic    

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"All strange and terrible events are welcome, but comforts we despise."
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Cleopatra VII Philopator (69 – 12 August 30 BC) was the last active pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt. Seeking to maintain Egypt's independence at a time of increased Roman expansionism, she aligned herself with powerful Roman generals such as Julius Caesar and Marc Antony, and thus became a key figure in the civil war that led to the end of the Roman Republic and the start of the Roman Empire. She leads the Egyptians in Civilization VI.

Food Food and Culture Culture flow down the great Nile River while playing as Ptolemaic Cleopatra.

This is one of Cleopatra's two alternate personas, the other being Egyptian Cleopatra.

Intro[]

There will be those who underestimate you, but you are cunning and full of tricks, Queen Cleopatra. Your charm will establish indestructible alliances with the strongest leaders of the world. Keep your friends close by your side and you will find yourself untouchable, with the glory of Egypt primed to win over the world.

In-Game[]

Cleopatra's unique agenda is Basilike Ge. She likes civilizations with high Food Food output and dislikes those with low Food Food output.

Her leader ability is Arrival of Hapi. Resources on Floodplains receive 1 Food Food and Culture Culture, and Floodplains inside her territory grant adjacent tiles +1 Appeal instead of -1.

Detailed Approach[]

Make sure you settle cities with lots of Rivers and Floodplains when playing as Ptolemaic Cleopatra. Settling next to rivers with her leading Egypt provide everything a civilization that stands the test of time needs: Production Production, Culture Culture, Food Food, and Appeal. The Iteru ability gives Production Production and protection from Floods on these river-adjacent cities as well. Her leader ability gives Culture Culture, Appeal, and Food Food for river cities. Even more Culture Culture for river cities is found if you can solve the riddle of the Sphinx (that is to say, by constructing them). Culture Victory is Cleopatra’s main focus with Culture Culture coming from the Sphinx and her leader ability.

Lines[]

Cleopatra is voiced by Nirvana Hisham. She speaks Middle Egyptian (with modern Egyptological pronunciation ignoring the original vowels, rather than a reconstructed pronunciation of the language), the best-documented stage of the ancient Egyptian language, which was anachronistically used between 2000 and 1300 BC. Realistically, she would have spoken Koine Greek, her native language and the official language of Ptolemaic Egypt's courts. She was also fluent in Demotic, the form of Egyptian used during the 1st century BC.

Voiced[]

Codename Quote (English translation) Quote (Middle Egyptian) Notes
Agenda-based Approval All of our grand divine aspirations begin with a bit of bread, is it not so?  Iu mei i em rimatshauwtjiyu em paï ter. Entek is wa enimiyu yem. The voiceovers for the Ptolemaic persona's Agenda-based Approval and Disapproval lines are identical to those for the Egyptian persona; only the subtitles are different.
Agenda-based Disapproval I hear your people make a porridge of ashes and twigs. Tell me, is that true?  Entek nen shahu er he per en bakh paï en. Paï ek nesha hesi.
Attacked Hah! Osiris will be pleased to welcome my enemies. Argh. Eyuse hotep tu Oseris, heri naï heftju.
Declares War I have had enough with you. May Amun Ra guide us! Iu em-'a paï meh en-ek! Seshem Amun-Ra en-en!
Defeated Egypt is lost. If I can't embrace my love, I will embrace the asps. Iu Kemet nehuti, Ir nen seheni es paï merer seheni en ahut!
Greeting I am Isis reborn, I am the living Nile, I am Cleopatra and an ally, if you are worthy. Inek Iset, Isis, heperti sep-sen, Inek Kliwopatra hena henemeset ir iwek shawu. She calls herself Isis twice here - once in Egyptian (Iset) and then in Greek (Isis).
Quote from Civilopedia All strange and terrible events are welcome, but comforts we despise. Ï ipotep ter hepep hena, ne ha neb ye set fehen hotepu. This is a quote from William Shakespeare's play Antony and Cleopatra.

Unvoiced[]

Delegation: My diplomatic delegation brings you a small gift of papyrus from the New Isis. Welcome them as you would welcome me.

Delegation Accepted: Excellent!

Accepts Player's Delegation: I received your offerings to the New Isis from your trade delegation. I will remember your kindness.

Rejects Player's Delegation: Maybe next time?

Accepts Player's Declaration of Friendship: Very well. I only hope you are more a Mark Anthony than a Brutus.

Rejects Player's Declaration of Friendship: Hah! I have counted Caesars and Pharaohs among my companions, what makes you think you are worthy?

Request Declaration of Friendship: Many would kill for my friendship. It's a generous offer, but I offer it to you. What is your answer?

Denounced by Player: You dare insult the New Isis?!? You will regret this!

Denounces Player: You are worse than Brutus and Cassius combined. The world will know the truth!

Too Many Troops Near Her Border: Like the Eye of Ra, I see all. Did you think I would not notice your army at my borders? I would suggest you move them.

Invitation to Capital: Alexandria is the home of Pharaohs, my home. I can tell you more if you tell me of your capital.

Invitation to City: We have a city nearby. Would you like to visit? I'd like to introduce you to our boardgame, Senet.

Civilopedia entry[]

Cleopatra Thea Philopator was considered quite alluring in her time (although standards of beauty have certainly changed since). She also managed to miss the ravages of time, being dead at the age of 40. But in that short span of years, she had been married to two of her brothers, had affairs with two of the most powerful men in Rome, and lost an empire. A full life by anyone’s standards.

Born to Ptolemy XII and Cleopatra V in 69 BC, the young Cleopatra declared herself the reincarnation of the goddess Isis, a typical claim to political legitimacy. After some poisonings and executions among the female Ptolemies, at the age of 14 she was made regent and deputy to her father. Four years later, in March 51 BC, her father died, leaving her and her ten-year-old brother Ptolemy XIII as joint rulers. Although now married to her younger brother, Cleopatra – the seventh of that name to rule – had no intention of sharing power with her sibling.

By August 51 BC, any pretense of filial harmony had disappeared. Cleopatra dropped Ptolemy’s name from official records and put her face alone on the new coinage. Ptolemy, showing more sense than expected, went into hiding. A palace revolution in 48 BC led by the eunuch Pothinus and Ptolemy’s tutor Theodotus disposed Cleopatra and made Ptolemy XIII sole ruler. Although she raised a rebellion, Cleopatra was soon forced into hiding herself.

Meanwhile, the general Gnaeus Pompey had the bad fortune to be on the opposite side than Julius Caesar in the latest Roman civil war. When things went awry, Pompey fled to Alexandria seeking sanctuary. The somewhat-less-than-genius Ptolemy, on the advice of Pothinus, had Pompey murdered hoping to ingratiate himself with Caesar, a miscalculation of epic proportions. When Julius arrived two days later, he was furious and announced his intention to execute Ptolemy and Pothinus in turn. Pothinus whipped up the local rabble in opposition. Caesar landed his legion. He seized the capital and so inserted himself into the dynastic sibling spat as arbitrator.

In the ensuing negotiations, Pothinus, acting on Ptolemy’s behalf, was openly insolent to Julius Caesar, another miscalculation (and really bad career move). Cleopatra had herself smuggled into the palace, where she beguiled the 52-year-old Julius. It must have been a spectacular first meeting between the stoic Roman general and fiery Egyptian queen, for nine months later she gave birth to their son. But before that, Caesar declared the sister and brother co-rulers, oversaw renewed nuptial vows, had Pothinus executed, weathered a siege of the palace and put down a rebellion in the city (accidentally burning most of the Great Library there in the process).

Ptolemy XIII, rather than be happy in exile, raised an army and challenged Caesar and Cleopatra, only to be decisively defeated in the Battle of the Nile (another of many in Egyptian history) and drowned in the river. Caesar reaffirmed Cleopatra as ruler of Egypt and married her to her younger brother Ptolemy XIV to keep the locals complaisant (the three legions he stationed in the country may have helped in this). Despite the faux marriage, Caesar and Cleopatra continued their torrid affair, and soon enough went to Rome, dragging along the latest Ptolemy and Caesarion (“little Caesar,” Julius’ son). There Cleopatra and her Egyptian entourage were ensconced in one of Caesar’s country estates, while Caesar’s wife Calpurnia resided in their home in Rome.

This two-year idyll came to an end with the Ides of March. Caesar had never named his son his heir, choosing instead his grandnephew Octavian. With no prospects in sight in Rome and generally reviled by the power elite – save Caesar’s friend Marc Anthony – Cleopatra returned to Alexandria. Soon enough Ptolemy XIV died, rumored to be at his sister’s hand. Cleopatra made her Caesarion co-regent and her designated successor.

In the course of the ensuing Roman civil war between the triumvirate headed by Octavian and the assassins of Julius, Anthony came to Egypt. Cleopatra met him with her usual glittering flair, and so charmed him that he chose to spend the winter of 41 BC with her instead of pursuing the war. It must have again been a fun-filled interlude, for in December 40 BC she gave birth to twins fathered by Anthony. Oh, and she had Anthony order the killing of her last surviving sibling, her sister Arsinoe, before the general returned to the battlefield.

Four years later, Anthony returned, ostensibly to make war on the Parthians to the east. But he was caught once again in Cleopatra’s web and married her in an Egyptian rite – although he was currently married to Octavian’s sister. The expansive territories Anthony had conquered in Armenia and Medea were given over to Egypt, and the whole vast Ptolemaic holdings divvied up among Cleopatra, young Caesarion (who was declared by Cleopatra son of Horus and “king of kings”), and Anthony’s twin children. It was the proverbial straw for Octavian, who convinced the Roman Senate to “levy” war on Egypt in 33 BC.

Following two years of skirmishing, Anthony’s forces squared off with Octavian’s in a naval action off the coast of Actium in western Greece. Decisively defeated, Anthony fell upon his sword – literally. Cleopatra was present at the battle with an Egyptian fleet of her own, but fled before it was resolved (perhaps contributing to Anthony’s demise by doing so). Within months, Octavian invaded Egypt against minimal resistance. Anthony’s remaining troops deserted Cleopatra and opened the city gates to Octavian on the first day of August 30 BC.

As his troops moved in and surrounded her in the palace, or perhaps her mausoleum, Cleopatra committed suicide by clasping her asp to her bosom (although some claim she took a mixture of hemlock and opium). Caesarion was captured and executed, and Egypt absorbed into the empire. In Rome, Octavian became emperor; in death, Cleopatra became legend.

Trivia[]

  • Cleopatra's in-game appearance is more similar to her appearance in modern media, such as her portrayal in films by actresses like Vivien Leigh and Elizabeth Taylor, than in available records, where she was described as having a large, hooked nose and plump features.
  • Cleopatra had a direct relationship with one other leader in Civilization VI: she and Julius Caesar were lovers.
  • Ptolemaic Cleopatra's leader ability is named after the Egyptian god Hapi, who personified the annual flooding of the Nile, while her agenda is a term in Greek, used to refer to farmland owned by the monarchy, meaning "royal lands."
  • Cleopatra's diplomacy screen shows the Nile River with the Pyramids on the horizon.
  • This persona emphasizes Cleopatra's heritage as a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty, who were ethnically Macedonian Greeks.

Gallery[]

Videos[]

Persona_Spotlight-_Cleopatra_(Ptolemaic)_-_Civilization_VI-_Leader_Pass

Persona Spotlight- Cleopatra (Ptolemaic) - Civilization VI- Leader Pass

Persona Spotlight: Cleopatra (Ptolemaic)

Related achievements[]

Daughter of Isis
Daughter of Isis
Win a regular game as Cleopatra
Cleopatra believed she was the reincarnation or daughter of the goddess Isis.
Walk Like an Egyptian
Walk Like an Egyptian
As Egypt build a Sphinx adjacent to the Pyramids both on Floodplains
A reference to the song of the same title by The Bangles.
Claim the Fourth Cataract
Claim the Fourth Cataract
Playing as Egypt in a regular game, conquer the original Nubian capital within 10 turns of declaring a formal war on Nubia
Cataracts are physical barriers in at some points in the river Nile. The fourth one is where Nubia was generally situated.

See also[]

Civilization VI Leaders [edit]
Abraham Lincoln1Alexander1Amanitore1Ambiorix1Bà Triệu1Basil II1Catherine de Medici (Magnificence Catherine1) • Chandragupta R&F-OnlyCleopatra (Ptolemaic Cleopatra1) • Cyrus1Dido GS-OnlyEleanor of Aquitaine GS-OnlyElizabeth I1Frederick BarbarossaGandhiGenghis Khan R&F-OnlyGilgameshGitarja1GorgoHammurabi1Harald Hardrada (Varangian Harald Hardrada1) • Hojo TokimuneJadwiga1Jayavarman VII1João III1John Curtin1Julius Caesar1Kristina GS-OnlyKublai Khan1Kupe GS-OnlyLady Six Sky1Lautaro R&F-OnlyLudwig II1Mansa Musa GS-OnlyMatthias Corvinus GS-OnlyMenelik II1MontezumaMvemba a NzingaNader Shah1Nzinga Mbande1Pachacuti GS-OnlyPedro IIPericlesPeterPhilip IIPoundmaker R&F-OnlyQin Shi Huang (Unifier Qin Shi Huang1) • Ramses II1Robert the Bruce R&F-OnlySaladin (Sultan Saladin1) • Sejong1Seondeok R&F-OnlyShaka R&F-OnlySimón Bolívar1Suleiman GS-Only (Muhteşem Suleiman1) • Sundiata Keita1Tamar R&F-OnlyTeddy Roosevelt (Bull Moose Teddy1Rough Rider Teddy1) • Theodora1Tokugawa1TomyrisTrajanVictoria (Age of Steam Victoria1) • Wilfrid Laurier GS-OnlyWilhelmina R&F-OnlyWu Zetian1Yongle1
1 Requires DLC

R&F-Only Added in the Rise and Fall expansion pack.
GS-Only Added in the Gathering Storm expansion pack.

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