Between 1095 and 1270, European Christians waged a series of wars known as the Crusades. These holy wars, sanctioned by the Pope, were fought to free the Christian Holy Lands from Muslim control. The crusaders themselves were a mixed lot, with many different backgrounds and reasons for fighting. However, most of them joined the ranks out of religious fervor, and a feeling that their personal salvation was guaranteed when fighting for such a holy cause. Despite the fact that the crusaders fought with all the strength of their religious conviction, the Crusades accomplished very little in a military sense; however, the European economy and desire for exploration was greatly increased.
|Civilization II Units|
Alpine Troops • Archers • Armor • Artillery • Cannon • Caravan • Catapult • Cavalry • Chariot • Crusaders • Diplomat • Dragoons • Elephant • Engineers • Explorer • Fanatics • Freight • Horsemen • Howitzer • Knights • Legion • Marines • Mech. Inf. • Musketeers • Paratroopers • Partisans • Phalanx • Pikemen • Riflemen • Settlers • Spy • Warriors