- Main article: Leaders (Civ2)
The default male leader of the Egyptians is Ramesses. Ramesses II (c. 1303–1213 BC) was the 3rd king of Egypt's 18th Dynasty and ruled from his teens until his nineties. He restored Egyptian control over Canaan (present-day Israel) but lost Syria to the Hittites.
The default female leader is Cleopatra. Cleopatra VII (69–30 BC) was not an ethnic Egyptian but a descendant of the Macedonian general Ptolemy, who carried on Hellenic rule in Egypt after the death of Alexander the Great. She defeated her brother Ptolemy XIII with the help of the Roman Julius Caesar, by whom she bore Caesarion. After Caesar's murder, she sided with Marcus Antonius against Octavian (later Augustus) and committed suicide after Antony's defeat at Actium.
The Egyptian AI, like the Chinese one, is civilized.
- Main article: City (Civ2)
The default Egyptian city list is a mix of the latinized Greek names that English usually uses for ancient Egyptian cities and the English and Egyptian Arabic names of less famous archaeological sites, medieval and modern Egyptian cities, and ancient Nubian locations.
- Thebes (default capital)
- El Karnak
- El Dakka
- Gebel Adda
- Port Said
When this list is completed, the game continues with the names in the extra cities list. When that list is completed, the game cycles back to the top of this list with "Thebes" again.
Memphis and Giza are within a few miles of modern Cairo. Thebes, Karnak, and Luxor are also similarly close together. Edfu and Idfu are different romanizations of the same city name. Oryx was a nome, not a city. This, Isna, and Akmim are variant spellings of Thinis, Esna, and Akhmim. Semma is a misspelling of Semna.
- Main article: Scenario (Civ2)
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