- "The only reason a warrior is alive is to fight, and the only reason a warrior fights is to win."
Hojo Tokimune (5 June 1251 – 20 April 1284) was the eighth shikken of the Kamakura shogunate, renowned for twice repelling the Mongols in their attempted invasions of Japan, as well as fostering the spread of Zen Buddhism in Japan. He leads the Japanese in Civilization VI.
Intro[edit | edit source]
The great wave of Buddhism follows you, Shikken of Japan, Hojo Tokimune. Your people truly understand what it is to practice balance, and even your finest samurai will be well-learned and spiritually apt. Be strong, embrace the divine wind, and you will reach enlightenment.
In-Game[edit | edit source]
His leader ability is Divine Wind. His land and naval units receive +5 Combat Strength when fighting on coastal and shallow water tiles, and he builds Encampment, Holy Site, and Theater Square districts in half the usual time. Additionally, in Gathering Storm, Hurricanes cause no damage to Hojo Tokimune's units, buildings, and tile improvements and double damage to units in his territory that belong to a civilization with which he is at war.
Detailed Approach[edit | edit source]
Japan gets just as good an adjacency bonus from placing Holy Sites and Campuses next to each other as from putting them up against Mountains. So finding good terrain is not a worry for Japan, but instead they can rely on a dense urban layout. Hojo thrives along the coast where his land and naval forces are more effective - watch out for them on water maps! Although they might appear as just a military power, under Hojo's leadership Japan can compete in religion or culture effectively. By the 20th century, their Electronics Factories can kick in and make them a threat to win by culture.
Lines[edit | edit source]
Voiced[edit | edit source]
Agenda-based Approval: You build your empire as the Rising Sun: powerful and brilliant. (爾は日出の如く強く輝く帝の國を築かむや。 / Nanji wa Hinode no gotoku tsuyoku kagayaku mikado no kuni o kizukan ya.)
Agenda-based Disapproval: To follow Bushido is to train the body, the mind, and the soul… but where can your people do so? (體、心、魂を鍛へむ者武士道なり。爾の民は、焉にてそれを為さむや。 / Karada, Kokoro, Tamashī o kitaen mono Bushidō nari. Nanji no tami wa, izuku nite sore o nasan ya.)
Attacked: The Divine Wind will protect us and you will fall, like the others. (神風我らを守り、己は嘗ての敵の如く滅亡せるらむ。 / Kamikaze warera o mamori, onore wa katsute no teki no gotoku metsubō seru ran.)
Declares War: I will not allow the Empire to suffer you any longer. The time has come to end this charade! (これまでたり。この愚かなる芝居を終はらせむ！ / Koremade tari. Kono orokanaru shibai wo owarasen!)
Defeated: Please end this dishonor to my family… to my people. (北条家たり、我が民の絆をなかけ給ひそ。 / Hōjō ke tari, waga tami no kizuna o na kake tamai so.)
[Note: It seems that he wanted to say not "Hōjō ke tari," but "Hōjō ke yabure tari" (北条家敗れたり). This changes the translation of the line to "House of Hōjō has been defeated. Please do not break bonds of our people."]
Greeting: Hello, I am Hojo Tokimune of Japan, a humble disciple of Bushido. (いかがある。我は日本國の武士道の信仰者、北条時宗。 / Ikaga aru. Ware wa Nihon-koku no bushidō no shinkō-sha, Hōjō Tokimune.)
Quote from Civilopedia: The only reason a warrior is alive is to fight, and the only reason a warrior fights is to win. (武士は戦わんが為に生き、勝たん為戦うものなり。 / Bushi wa tatakawan ga tame ni iki, katan tame tatakau mono nari.)
[Note: This is a quote from the book Musashi's Book of Five Rings: The Definitive Interpretation of Miyomoto Musashi's Classic Book of Strategy by Stephen F. Kaufman (The Book of the Wind, last paragraph of chapter 3), which the author himself describes as "the best-selling interpretation of Musashi's 'Book of Five Rings.'" Translations of this paragraph to English are completely different; the one that is consistent with the original Japanese version of this paragraph (物毎に、勝と云事、道理なくしてハ、勝事あたはず。我道におゐてハ、少も無理なる事を思はず、兵法の智力をもつて、いか様にも勝所を得る心也。能々工夫有べし。) and its translation to modern Japanese (どんなことでも、勝つということは、道理なくしては勝つことはできない。我が（兵法の）道においては、少しも無理なことを思わず、兵法の智力をもって、どのようにでも勝つところを得るのである。よくよく工夫あるべし。) rather than Kaufman's own interpretation is "Without the correct principle the fight cannot be won. The spirit of my school is to win through the wisdom of strategy, paying no attention to trifles. Study this well."]
Unvoiced[edit | edit source]
Delegation: We have sent you a delegation with gifts of yosegi-zukuri, some of our greatest works.
Accepts a Delegation: Your delegation arrived, and we are humbled by your generosity.
Accepts Player's Declaration of Friendship: I see in you the peace and tranquility of a warrior, and I welcome that friendship.
Rejects Player's Declaration of Friendship: I must decline, in the best interests of the Shogunate and on behalf of the Emperor.
Requests Declaration of Friendship: You are harmonious and wise. We offer you loyalty and honor, if you would accept us as your friend.
Player Accepts Declaration of Friendship: Thank you, friend.
Player Rejects Declaration of Friendship: A shame...
Denounced by Player: Empty words are no threat. Show me action, purpose, discipline!
Denounces Player: You are a foolish, simple leader. And your people should know the truth.
Invitation to Capital: I would like to exchange information about our capitals. Ours is as the Pure Land. What is yours like?
Invitation to City: I would be honored if you joined me for the ōban in our nearby city. You do like jellyfish aemono, yes?
Civilopedia entry[edit | edit source]
Born the eldest son of Tokiyori, fifth shikken (regent) of the Kamakura shogunate and de facto ruler of Japan, Tokimune was from birth acknowledged to be the tokuso (head) of the clan Hojo and rigorously groomed to be his father’s successor. At the not-so-tender age of 18, in 1268 AD he became shikken himself. By the time of his death at the age of 34, Tokimune would have reshaped Japan to its core.
Immediately upon his ascension to shikken-hood, Tokimune was faced with a national crisis. The Mongol emperor of China, Kublai Khan, sent an envoy with the demand that Japan enter into a “tributary relationship” with the Mongols or face invasion and conquest. While many in the Japanese government, including members of the royal family, urged that a compromise be reached, the teen regent defiantly rejected the Mongol demand and sent the emissaries back (in what shape is not recorded).
Four more times the demand was made by Mongol emissaries over the next four years, each time with a similar response from Tokimune. Anticipating Mongol impatience, he dispatched a Japanese force to the southern island of Kyushu to be ready for an invasion. In 1274 it came, as some 25 thousand Mongol and Korean troops seized the small, outlying islands. A divine wind forced the Mongol fleet to return home, and the threat was over … for now.
Despite the invasion, Kublai was a reasonable man, and dispatched five more envoys to negotiate tribute yet again in 1275. They refused to depart without a reply, so Tokimune had them brought to the city of Kamakura and beheaded. In 1279, five more were sent, and they suffered a similar fate. The imperial court, seeing the kana on the wall, ordered all the temples and shrines to begin praying for a victory over the Mongols. Tokimune set about fortifying the shore at likely invasion sites.
In the summer of 1281, a far more serious force than before – reportedly some 140 thousand Mongols and allies in around 4000 ships – arrived offshore and squared off with the entire Japanese army and navy under Tokimune. Defeated in landings on Tsushima and Shikano islands, the Mongols finally gained a foothold on Iki, but later withdrew to the island of Hirato. Three days later, the Japanese attacked the invader’s fleet, causing considerable losses and consternation – enough so that most of the Mongol commanders sailed back to China, leaving about 100 thousand leaderless troops behind. In August came the famed kamikaze (typhoon) that pummeled the Mongol ships for two days, sinking most of them (including the flagship with the Korean admiral aboard). Shortly thereafter Tokimune’s samurai annihilated the 100 thousand.
Japan was saved, never to be threatened again by invasion until the end of the Second World War. Tokimune could turn his attention to other matters … like practicing Zen meditation and building Buddhist shrines and monasteries, such as the one at Engaku-ji as a memorial to those samurai who had died defeating the Mongols. As a teen and young man, he had been an advocate of the Ritsu sect of Buddhism, but converted to Zen at some point before the invasion. So committed to his faith was he that Tokimune on the day of his death “took the tonsure and became a Zen monk” (perhaps a little late to find true enlightenment).
Thanks in part to the victory over the Mongols under Tokimune’s guidance, Zen Buddhism began to spread among the samurai class with some rapidity. Some may have truly believed in the teachings; others likely took it up to curry favor with the shikken. This heretofore trivial faith spread first through Kamakura, the seat of Hojo power, and thence to the imperial capital of Kyoto. Tokimune also linked Zen with the “moral” code of bushido (a modern term for an old philosophy) that stressed frugality, martial arts, loyalty and “honor unto death.” Born from neo-Confucianism, bushido under Tokimune was mixed with elements of Shinto and Zen, adding a dose of wisdom and serenity to the otherwise violent code. Eventually, under the later Tokugawa shogunate, some of these teachings of bushido would be formalized in Japanese feudal law.
Besides dedicating shrines to the samurai who had fallen stemming the Mongol horde, Tokimune began several initiatives to help them in more pragmatic ways, although he died before most were implemented (his son, Sadatoki would finish these). Land grants (shōen) were given to the kyunin (officers) and myoshu (land holders) who had not yet been rewarded, and the land that they had sold or pawned to bring troops would be returned to them without penalty; a special commission tokusei no ontsukai (“agents of virtuous rule”) was to see to the details. Another edict insured that shrine lands that had been pawned would be returned to the Zen monasteries at no cost as an expression of gratitude for the prayers said at the time of the invasions.
But, in the midst of all this largess, Hojo Tokimune died suddenly of an unknown cause after falling ill in 1284 AD. Tokimune had rendered heroic service to Japan, and was idolized for it. But the massive expenditures in fighting off the invasion and spreading Zen weakened the Kanakura shogunate and the Hojo clan (he spent a lot of the family fortune on those shrines), to the point where they would decline and be replaced by the Kenmu Restoration fifty years later and the Ashikaga shogunate shortly after that.
Trivia[edit | edit source]
- Hojo Tokimune carries a katana that he draws when denouncing or going to war with the player. When defeated, he sheathes it and bows to the player.
- Hojo Tokimune's leader ability references the two storms that repelled the Mongolian fleets that attacked Japan in 1274 and 1281, while his leader agenda is named after the samurai code of conduct.
Gallery[edit | edit source]
Videos[edit | edit source]
Related achievements[edit | edit source]
Win a regular game as Hojo Tokimune
References[edit | edit source]
|Civilization VI Leaders |
Alexander1 • Amanitore1 • Ambiorix1 • Bà Triệu1 • Basil II1 • Catherine de Medici • Chandragupta • Cleopatra • Cyrus1 • Dido • Eleanor of Aquitaine • Frederick Barbarossa • Gandhi • Genghis Khan • Gilgamesh • Gitarja1 • Gorgo • Hammurabi1 • Harald Hardrada • Hojo Tokimune • Jadwiga1 • Jayavarman VII1 • João III1 • John Curtin1 • Kristina • Kublai Khan1 • Kupe • Lady Six Sky1 • Lautaro • Mansa Musa • Matthias Corvinus • Menelik II1 • Montezuma • Mvemba a Nzinga • Pachacuti • Pedro II • Pericles • Peter • Philip II • Poundmaker • Qin Shi Huang • Robert the Bruce • Saladin • Seondeok • Shaka • Simón Bolívar1 • Suleiman • Tamar • Teddy Roosevelt • Tomyris • Trajan • Victoria • Wilfrid Laurier • Wilhelmina
|1 Requires a DLC|