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The first mounted unit you can build, Horsemen move fast and will withdraw from combat if losing (unless fighting another fast unit).

A city must have horses in its Strategic Resource box to build a horseman.

The Iroquois, instead build the Mounted Warrior. A more powerful horseman at no additional cost.

Civilopedia entry[]

The necessity for speed and mobility in times of war was recognized even in ancient times. The infantrymen of some ancient armies would ride horses to get from one engagement to another, dismounting to fight when they reached the battlefield. Because of their speed, horsemen could also be used as scouts to pinpoint enemy positions. In the second century BC, the Chinese invention of the stirrup allowed this concept of mobility to go one step further. Stirrups provided the stability and leverage necessary to allow soldiers to fight from horseback, leading to the earliest examples of mounted combat units. Continuing developments in arms and armor eventually led to knights, dragoons, and finally to the advanced cavalry of the 18th and 19th century.

Civilization III Units
Land Ancient CavalryAnsar WarriorU PArcherArmyArtilleryBerserkU PBowmanUCannonCatapultCavalryChariotChasqui ScoutU CConquistadorU PCossackUCruise MissileCrusaderEnkidu WarriorU CExplorerFlakCGallic SwordsmanU PGuerillaHopliteUHorsemanHussarU CHwachaU PICBMImmortalsUImpiUInfantryJaguar WarriorUJavelin ThrowerU CKeshikU PKnightLeaderLegionaryULongbowmanMarineMech InfantryMedieval InfantryMobile SAMCModern ArmorModern ParatrooperMounted WarriorUMusketeerUMusketmanNumidian MercenaryU PPanzerUParatrooperCPikemanRadar ArtilleryRiderURiflemanSamuraiUScoutSettlerSipahiU PSpearmanSwiss MercenaryU CSwordsmanTactical NukeTankThree-Man ChariotU CTOW InfantryCTrebuchetCWar ChariotUWar ElephantUWarriorWorker
Sea AEGIS CruiserBattleshipCaravelCarrackU CCarrierCruiserCCurraghCDestroyerDromonU CFrigateGalleonGalleyIroncladMan-O-WarUNuclear SubmarinePrivateerSubmarineTransport
Air BomberF-15UFighterHelicopterJet FighterStealth BomberStealth Fighter
U: Unique unitP: Added in Play the World expansion • C: Added in Conquests expansion