The Hungarians' civilization ability is Pearl of the Danube, which provides a 50% Production bonus when constructing districts and buildings across a River from a City Center. Their unique unit is the Huszár (which replaces the Cavalry), and their unique building is the Thermal Bath (which replaces the Zoo).
Hungary is a powerful domination civilization at all points in the game, but is very reliant on city-states. Their ability to levy troops and continue suzerainty with city-states for basically free is incredibly powerful and is Hungary's primary strength, capable of making Hungary one of the most powerful civilizations in the game without even needing the Pearl of the Danube.
Pearl of the Danube Edit
When thinking of Hungary as a civilization, players are less likely to think of this ability, but it does not mean this is weak. 50% Production for not only districts but also its buildings is absolutely huge, making Hungarians not only conquerors but also builders. In the early game, it may be wise to move your initial Settler to a position in which Pearl of the Danube can be more effectively used. Bends in rivers can allow Hungary to use Pearl of the Danube to boost the construction on more than one tile, and in best case scenarios, up to five tiles.
An early religion could be useful, as Hungary can place Holy Sites quicker than most other civilizations in the game as long as they use Pearl of the Danube. However, this may not result in the most optimal Holy Sites for Faith generation. Should you choose this path, however, take Crusade or Defender of the Faith as your Enhancer Belief, which will make attacking rival civs easier because of the bonus to Combat Strength.
Raven King Edit
Matthias Corvinus' leader ability is clearly the signature bonus of Hungary, as it really defines their playstyle and Victory path.
Your first fifty turns should be used for extensive scouting and early conquest of a neighbor. Scouting will reveal city-states, and taking Diplomatic League as a policy card can help gain suzerainty of nearby city-states quickly. For a Tier 1 government, choose Oligarchy, as this will aid your early conquests. For your Tier 2 government, Hungary may be the only civilization in the game that is better off with Monarchy than Merchant Republic or Theocracy, as the extra influence points from Monarchy will help them gain even more city-states. Theocracy is the second possibility, although this is only recommended if you have founded a successful religion. For your Tier 3 government, Hungary should obviously choose Fascism.
There are several techs that Hungary should research as soon as possible. First is Animal Husbandry, as this will reveal Horses, necessary for Matthias Corvinus' Black Army. Finding a good location for a second city with Horses, if your Capital does not have any, is imperative. Second is Iron Working. This will provide upgrades for not just your Warriors to Swordsmen, but also any city-states you control. Remember that you still need a little bit Iron to upgrade them, but you do not need to bring these units to your territory for the upgrade. With Swordsmen and the assistance of 1-3 city-states, you should easily be able to roll over any nearby neighbors and conquer them. You can also be extraordinarily aggressive with these Swordsmen, as they are not yours. Third is Currency. Hungary does not have any diplomatic bonuses other than continually levying troops, so a strong income is necessary. Using Pearl of the Danube to build your first powerful Commercial Hub will be a great power spike for Hungary.
The weakest era for Hungary is the Ancient Era, especially before they have the techs above and before they have any city-states under their control. Afterwards, their gameplay is very simple. They do not need strong Science, Culture, or Faith. They need only for their closest city-states to randomly produce units (which they will be doing anyway) to drown their neighbors in blood. Keep in mind that each further unit upgrade is another power spike for Hungarian and Hungarian levied units, so any tech that unlocks an upgraded unit should be your scientific priority. Beelining expensive techs such as Military Science could be useful. Faith generation is only important if you have a religion, and if you choose Defender of the Faith over Crusade, a great deal of Inquisitors will keep your combat edge up for a long time. Once your closest neighbors have been conquered (1-3 civs), you should have no trouble keeping your advantage for the rest of the game. Even your city-state allies will not be as necessary to maintain relations with; the sheer size of your empire will grant you endless units and districts, making up for the lack of bonus Science/ Faith/ Culture generation in any way. To protect the sheer size of this empire, of course, use the Thermal Baths, as well as trying to befriend city-states and recruit the Great Merchants that provide Amenities (Buenos Aires, Zanzibar, John Spilsbury, Helena Rubinstein, Estée Lauder, and Levi Strauss). Hungary may also try to build a few Wonders, namely the Colosseum, Alhambra, and Terracotta Army for conquest and amenity upkeep, and the Országház, Kilwa Kisiwani, and Apadana for Envoys and city-states relations.
Without city-states, Hungary is quite weak, and without rivers, even weaker. Therefore, being Hungary, it is your priority to gain suzerainty of your closest city-states and to defend them in times of need. Against Hungary, it is your priority to kill their closest city-states (as soon as possible if you spawn close to them) and to use joint wars, later on, to force multiple fronts on Hungary.
Between the two unique units of Hungary when led by Matthias Corvinus, the Huszár is harder to utilize effectively, since you cannot control if your opponents will like you enough to form Alliances with you, especially in single player games when your conquests can start as early as the Classical Era right after Swordsmen are unlocked. Its only major upside, despite having very limited synergy with Hungary as a domination powerhouse, is that it has 3 extra Combat Strength compared to a standard Cavalry at a negligible Production cost increase. If you are able to get someone to declare friendship with you before your warmongering starts and appease them enough to establish an alliance with you when the Industrial Era comes, the Huszár's bonus might be somewhat more noticeable; otherwise, this unit is rather unremarkable, with its bonus too rarely applicable to be significant.
Black Army Edit
As a domination powerhouse with 2 unique units, Hungary under Matthias Corvinus has much stronger synergy with the Black Army than its upgrade, the Huszár, despite its bonus being less wieldy than its upgrade. Hungary is a unique domination civilization since they are reliant on levying city-states' troops to be effective, the Black Army makes the Hungarian edge in Medieval-era combat even sharper by playing right to its strength: starting with higher Combat Strength than a standard Courser and getting even stronger with every adjacent levied unit. Remember that units levied by Hungary receive an extra 2 Movement, so your mercenary army will have no problem of keeping up with the Black Army to sustain this bonus. You can use the Black Army to do all the work thanks to their outstanding strength, or just use the levied army to protect the number of your own units and use the Black Army to pillage or claim strategic hexes in the back.
Thermal Bath Edit
The Thermal Bath is an interesting replacement for the standard Zoo, a rather underutilized building in an underwhelming and often neglected district. This building encourages the Hungarian to look for and settle near Volcanoes where Geothermal Fissures are available. Under various conditions, the Thermal Bath supplies as many Amenities as or even twice as many as the Stadium at only two thirds of the production cost, not to mention extra regional Production bonus and early Tourism, thus if you manage to settle near a Geothermal Fissure, you can easily make all of your cities within 6 tiles ecstatic without wasting 660 more Production on building a Stadium for more Amenities.
Victory Types Edit
It goes without saying that Hungary was made for conquer as they can quickly summon up a powerful, up-to-date army without having to worry about accumulating strategic resources. Raven King also helps Hungary generate Envoys independently from the Civic tree, which allows them to compete for City-states and attempt a Diplomatic Victory, especially if they can build the Országház.
However, as previously mentioned, Pearl of the Danube is an underrated ability yet given the right situation, Hungarian riverside settlements can quickly grow to help them overtake the enemies on any Victory path they deem suited.
For nearly a millennium, the Kingdom of Hungary was one of the major powers of Central Europe, central to the history and influence of the rulers and kingdoms of the region. Multiethnic and multilinguistic, the kingdom's cultural contributions and military history were critical to the interchange between Western and Eastern Europe. The kingdom is shot through with rivers, including the mighty Danube (which bisects Budapest), and includes the open plains of the Carpathian Basin, fringed with a few high ranges of mountains. Its thermal springs have attracted attention since the time of the Romans. Sitting astride the major cross-land routes of Europe, the Kingdom's strategic position made it a prize for royal houses and ambitious nobles alike.
When the Magyars under Arpad established the Principality of Hungary in the tenth century, they laid aside their semi-nomadic lifestyle and its accompanying cycles of raiding in favor of a more feudal existence, although they retained elements of their previous lifestyle, including introducing Slavic loanwords from their new subjects into their vernacular. The Kingdom itself was established by Stephen I, King of the newly-created Kingdom of Hungary, and a saint of the church for his efforts at cementing Christianity as the official religion. The territory of the Kingdom of Hungary became known as the “Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen” in synecdoche (although legally, the various crown lands had specific legal status related to the monarch).
The nobility of the Kingdom of Hungary enjoyed a high degree of liberty, and the king was relatively constrained after Andras II issued the Golden Bull of 1222. Nobles could not be taxed, could disobey the king if he acted outside the law, did not need to go to war beyond the borders of the kingdom, and established something of an equality of title between nobles, rather than a strong hierarchy. Similarities between the Golden Bull and the Magna Carta in England are notable.
The Mongol invasion of Europe under Subutai in 1241 was disastrous for the Kingdom (as it was for much of Europe). King Bela IV built a series of border fortresses to prevent a future invasion, but further conflict with other European powers weakened the kingdom and eventually the Arpad dynasty died out in 1301. The Angevins ruled for almost a century afterwards, followed by a series of non-dynastic rulers, including Holy Roman Emperors.
As the Middle Ages came to an end, and the Early Modern Period was just a set of ideas being discussed in Italy, Matthias Corvinus was elected to the throne by the Diet. Under his reign, the Kingdom expanded militarily and reformed the administration. His reign is viewed as one of the golden ages of the Kingdom of Hungary—an era which came to a crashing end at the disastrous Battle of Mohacs between Suleiman I of the Ottomans and Louis II of Hungary.
The Battle of Mohacs is one of the most significant battles fought in Europe. A tiny Hungarian army, organized in an obsolete feudal force of heavy knights and conscript infantry (which had abandoned military innovations the Black Army had pioneered a generation before!) was crushed by an Ottoman army almost twice it size, organized around the modern principles of artillery and a spine of elite, musket-armed Janissaries. King Louis of Hungary and a huge portion of the Hungarian nobility were slaughtered on the battlefield. After the battle, the Ottomans partitioned the Kingdom of Hungary with the Holy Roman Empire, and used it as a buffer state against the Holy Roman Empire.
For the next three and a half centuries, the Kingdom of Hungary was often in conflict between the Ottoman Empire and the Holy Roman Empire, never strong enough to exert its own will, but too powerful to be ignored in the geopolitical calculations of Central Europe. The traditional liberties of the nobility were enshrined in tradition, and the Hapsburg rulers of the Holy Roman Empire were frequently forced to reiterate these rights in exchange for Hungarian support, either political or military. Consequently the spirit of Hungarian identity was never entirely extinguished.
This independent spirit led to a number of attempted uprising and open rebellions against Hapsburg control. During the War of Spanish Succession, the Transylvanian prince Francis II Rakoczi staged a rebellion (creatively called Rakoczi's Rebellion) between 1703-1711, but was unsuccessful due to a lack of allies and foreign support. The European revolutions of 1848 almost saw Hungary gain its long-awaited independence. With revolution breaking out across their holdings, the Hapsburgs nearly lost complete control of Hungary to a young generation of ardent patriots. Only through an alliance between Russia and Austria could the Hapsburgs regain their original control. In the Compromise of 1867, the Hapsburg Empire officially became a dual monarchy: Austria-Hungary. Finally, the Hapsburgs were forced to recognize the centrality of the Kingdom of Hungary to their empire.
The Kingdom dissolved after World War I as part of the breakup of the Hapsburg Empire. Short-lived republics governed in the interwar years, and in the turmoil leading up to World War 2 the kingdom was re-established by resurgent right-wing forces. Hungary joined the Axis powers during World War 2 (a particularly dark chapter in Hungary's history). The kingdom was occupied by the advancing Soviet forces in 1944, ending the Kingdom of Hungary (although not the nation of Hungary) for good.
The capital of Hungary, Budapest, is one of the great cities of Europe, with magnificent architecture, a vibrant culture, and cosmopolitan fashions. Formed from three cities (Buda, Pest, and Obuda or “Old Buda”), and the site of settlements dating back to the Celts, the city carries its long and fascinating history into the present day. The city's central region along the Danube is a UNESCO World Heritage site.
- Main article: Hungarian cities (Civ6)
- The Hungarian civilization's symbol is the Patriarchal cross, a variant of the Christian cross that appears on the Hungarian coat of arms.
- The Hungarian civilization ability is a common nickname for Budapest, the Hungarian capital.
The Laurels of Virtues and Letters
Win a game as Matthias Corvinus