- "Industrialization based on machinery, already referred to as a characteristic of our age, is but one aspect of the revolution that is being wrought by technology."
- –Emily Greene Balch
Industrialization is the backbone of contemporary economy. It represents the concept of mass-producing materials, from food products to machine parts, and it makes possible all of modern life.
In the Gods & Kings expansion, this technology replaces Scientific Theory as the main industrial technology of the early Industrial Era. It enables building of the Factory, besides revealing the Coal resource and providing the basis for development of Steam Power.
Industrialization is viewed as the transition from an agrarian society into an industrial one, which is typically accompanied by widespread social and economic change throughout the community. The Industrial Revolution, beginning in Europe during the 18th century, brought about immense changes in the way people lived their daily lives. With increasingly complex machinery and tools available, many trades that were once left to talented craftsmen became obsolete with the advent of assembly lines operated by droves of unskilled factory laborers.