Integrated Space Cell enables players who focused on building their army and navy in the earlier eras to shift their focus to a Science Victory once they start building Spaceports. Every city with a Military Academy or a Seaport will receive a Production bonus toward Space Race projects (Launch Earth Satellite, Launch Moon Landing, etc.), which will provide an overview of the map and a massive Culture bonus that even players who aren't aiming for a Science Victory can enjoy.
The 2007 anti-satellite test by China, in which it shot down one of its own aging weather satellites, sent shock waves through the Indian government. Even though both the United States and Russia had the capability to shot down satellites in orbit, India now faced a doomsday scenario, for it depended heavily on its satellite systems for military, commercial, and public services. This led India to proclaim the Integrated Space Cell operational in June 2010 (although it may have been in place long before), the largest constellation of remote-sensing satellites – 11 operational thus far – in a “defense architecture” for a space war.