Reveals Oil without the normal technology requirement.
The most expensive Modern Era technologies cost 1250 science each, so James provides at most 1250*2*0.4=1000 science. Another Industrial Era Great Scientist, Charles Darwin, provides 250 science for each Natural Wonder tile. Therefore, Charles is always a better choice if he can be activated with four adjacent Natural Wonder Tiles. The exceptions are when playing as Chinese or in the Vanilla ruleset, in which case James Young can provide up to 1250*2*0.5=1250 science.
Scottish chemist James Young devised an improvement for Michael Faraday’s battery, proposed a method of combating potato blight, is responsible for advancements in rustproofing the Royal Navy’s fleet, iterated upon Hippolyte Fizeau’s speed of light measurement technique, and is best recognized for his patented technique of crude oil refinement. Young devised technique after observing how crude oil was affected by heated coal seams. Experimenting with artificial methods of reproducing this process would yield a variety of useful oils.
In 1850, he and his close friend and business partner Edward Meldrum established the world’s first commercial oil company. He would eventually withdraw from the company, enjoying the fortune earned from his paraffin oil patent.