- "Happiness does not lie in the opinion of others."
Kristina (18 December 1626 – 19 April 1689) was reigning Queen of Sweden from 1632 until her abdication in 1654. She was one of the most learned women of the 17th century, with an interest in philosophy, science and art, and sparked controversy during her times due to her masculine dressing and unconventional lifestyle. She leads the Swedes in Civilization VI: Gathering Storm.
Minerva of the North, unmatched in learning and wisdom, you chose a life of culture over that of power. Light up your kingdom with art and music. Let Sweden be the guiding star for other civilizations to follow. Once more the world has a need for great patrons of the arts and culture—and it looks to you.
Her leader ability is Minerva of the North. All her buildings with three or more Great Work slots and all her wonders with two or more Great Work slots are automatically themed once their slots are filled, and she is able to build the Queen's Bibliotheque in her Government Plaza.
Sweden is particularly effective at the World Congress and can exercise additional influence beyond what any other civilization can do. Kristina gives theming bonuses to buildings that fill all their Great Work slots (provided they have at least two slots). With the Open-Air Museum and the Queen's Bibliotheque, Sweden has excellent Culture and Tourism capabilities. This is a civilization that can conquer the world through soft power.
Agenda-based Approval: I’ve just acquired a new work and will host a viewing soon. Your emissaries are invited to attend. (Jag har nyligen fått ett helt nytt konstverk och jag ska vara värd snart för en konstvisning. Era sändebud äro inbjudna.)
Agenda-based Disapproval: I suppose you think art is great when it ties a room together, you philistine. (Jag förmodar att du bara synar konst i god när den förenar rummets estetik, din borgarbracka! - lit. "I presume that you only view art as good when it unites the aesthetics of the room, you philistine dog!")
Attacked: Sweden will chastise those who threaten the world. Prepare yourself for war! (Sverige ska tukta dem som hotar världen. Förbered er på krig!)
Declares War: Sweden will do her part to push back the evils of the world. Art is one way to do this—war with you is another. (Sverige skall göra sin del för att hålla världens ondska stången. Konst är ett sätt att uppnå detta, krig mot er ett annat.)
Defeated: I never loved power, and now I am left without art. Only regret and loss remain for me. (Jag älskade aldrig makt, och nu saknar jag konsten. Bara ånger och förlust återstår för mig.)
Greeting: I am Kristina, queen of Sweden, patron of arts and letters. Do I greet a fellow lover of learning? (Jag är Kristina, Sveriges drottning. Patron av konst och litteratur. Hälsar jag en annan kunskapsälskande person?)
Quote from Civilopedia: Happiness does not lie in the opinion of others. (Glädje ligger ej i andras opinioner.)
Accepts a Delegation: I will accept your delegation, and they will stay as my honored guests. My Dramaturge has a new work to share for them.
Refuses a Delegation: Sweden has no need of these petty trifles.
Accepts Player's Declaration of Friendship: I do consider you a friend! I should be delighted to share this with the world.
Rejects Player's Declaration of Friendship: I think you confuse your admiration of me with friendship. We are not yet friends. Perhaps someday.
Requests Declaration of Friendship: Will you join me as we tell the world that our nations are friends with one another? We will surely inspire them all.
Player Accepts Declaration of Friendship: I agree.
Player Rejects Declaration of Friendship: This cannot be.
Trade Deal Accepted: This is a fair exchange.
Denounced by Player: I will tell the whole world of your villainy, of your boorishness, of your perfidy!
Denounces Player: In Sweden, we have many amusing folk songs that depict you as a villain. Even the simplest arts imitate truths of life.
Too Many Troops Near Her Border: Do not march your units up and down along our border like a child playing with toy soldiers. Move them now.
Invitation to Capital: I will inform your delegates of the location of our capital, but I expect that you will grant us the same favor.
Invitation to City: Your representatives are most welcome to come and view my collections for themselves.
Invitation Accepted: Sweden thanks you, as do I.
The most learned, cultural, dynamic, and controversial woman of her generation, the arc of Kristina's life traced the complex political and cultural issues of the 1600s. During her lifetime she was equally legendary for her lavish patronage of artists and writers and her scandalous, unorthodox personal life.
Her father was the mighty Swedish warrior-king Gustavus Adolphus, champion of the Protestant cause and the king who established the framework of the modern Swedish state. Her mother, Maria of Brandenburg, suffered from serious mental illnesses during her lifetime. When Kristina was born in 1626, she was erroneously reported to be a boy. Her mother attempted to attack the newborn Kristina in a fit of madness when she learned she had actually given birth to a boy.
Carl Gustav ordered that Kristina be given a prince's education, but his untimely death in battle when Kristina was six years old meant that the kingdom passed into a regency period, overseen by Chancellor Axel Oxenstierna. Oxenstierna proved to be young Kristina's best political tutor, and there was a relatively smooth political reform and transition period as the young monarch prepared to take the throne under her own name. Young Kristina was an apt, brilliant pupil by all accounts, learning theology, politics, letters, and the rougher arts of riding, fencing, and military maneuvers. Kristina began attending state council at the age of fourteen. At eighteen she assumed the throne for herself.
With the waning of the religious violence of the Thirty Years' War, there was a considerable risk that Sweden might be plunged back into a maelstrom of violence when Kristina took the throne. She managed to keep the peace, and then turned her efforts to make Sweden the philosophical capital of Europe. She succeeded in recruiting Rene Descartes to her project—alas the venerable French philosopher and the queen disliked each other intensely, and the chilly climate sickened Descartes and he died in Stockholm in 1650. For her efforts, she came to be called “the Minerva of the North” throughout Europe. Unfortunately, the queen's project could only be funded through lavish and unsustainable expenditure by the crown, and she was forced to scale it back.
Kristina unexpectedly abdicated the Swedish throne after ten years of rule, and the reasons for this are still hotly debated to this day. Kristina herself pled illness and that, as a woman, she was inadequate to the role of ruler, but others claimed her deep aversion to marriage (and thus the matter of succession) was the result of her own sexual identity. She had secretly converted to Roman Catholicism, which also made her ineligible to the throne of Lutheran Sweden. Reign passed to her cousin, Carl X Gustav.
As a high-profile convert to Catholicism, Kristina was invited to Rome as the guest of Pope Alexander VII in 1655. She did not impress the pontiff. Her manners were rough (she enjoyed profanity, marksmanship, dressing in men's clothing, and some other activities seen as unbefitting the nobility), and she had a habit of practicing freelance statesmanship, including the unsuccessful attempt to get herself appointed Queen of Naples with the collusion of the French. She was also unwilling to serve as Pope Alexander's public pawn against Protestantism.
During her time in Rome, she patronized a number of outstanding artists and writers, amassing a collection of artwork that was the envy of Europe. Her court at the Palazzo Farnese was the epicenter of her artistic world, entertaining guests with music, drama, and intellectual discussions on great matters. This extravagance (and Kristina's general lack of propriety) scandalized and delighted the great people of Europe. Her painting collection included works by Raphael, Titian, Durer, Bruegel the Elder, Veronese, and Corregio. She founded the Arcadia Academy for philosophy and literature, which is still in Rome today. She discovered the composer Scarlatti and employed him as choirmaster, while Corelli directed her personal orchestra.
But she came to the end of tolerance by the courts of Europe. In 1657, on a visit to France, she had one of her household staff assassinated on suspicion that he was betraying her personal letters to Rome. She immediately took responsibility for the act, despite the French nobility offering to help cover up the affair. The scandal ruined her support back in Rome, and she spent a number of years shuttling between Sweden and Rome. Although privately friendly with a number of Popes, the political atmosphere turned against the bohemian stylings of Kristina's personal court.
She was centuries ahead of her time in many of her views, fiercely contrarian against the prevailing notions of the age. She was a stalwart defender of personal liberties, generous in her charity, and a staunch protector of the Jews of Rome. There has been considerable postmortem psychological examination of her life, with each succeeding generation claiming to have the key to her motivations. Her unorthodox lifestyle, disregard of gender norms, and her independence of thought make her a compelling subject of study. Even her historical detractors praise her contributions to the arts.
When she died in April, 1689, she was given an enormous funeral by the Vatican, and she is one of only three women buried in St. Peter's Basilica—contrary to her own wishes for a simpler burial in the Pantheon.
- Kristina's leader ability is a title that compared her to the Roman goddess of wisdom, warfare, and the arts, while her leader agenda references her extensive collection of art and literature.
- Kristina's father, Gustavus Adolphus, is a Great General in Civilization VI. He is also the Swedish leader in Civilization V: Gods & Kings.
- Unlike most other leaders, Kristina is known by her native name rather than her anglicized name ("Christina").
- Kristina's preferred religion when founding one is coded to be Protestantism, but this is historically inaccurate. While Sweden is historically Protestant, Kristina is famously not; her Catholic beliefs were so unpopular in (dominantly Lutheran) Sweden that she was forced to abdicate and flee the country.
- Kristina is one of the several leaders in Civilization VI to descend from Eleanor: through her mother, she descended from Elisabeth of Bavaria, whose grandmother was Elisabeth of Sicily, who descended from Charles I of Anjou, Eleanor's grand-grandson.
Win a game as Kristina
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