As the lifespan of a human being has slowly increased over the centuries, a shift in medical focus began to take place. Infectious diseases, once the leading cause of death, began to be tamed by modern vaccinations. This allowed the field to spend more time combating those ailments associated with advanced aging, such as cancer and heart disease. This trend shows no signs of slowing, but rather accelerating. Modern technology permits sophisticated diagnosis and treatment of illness, while at the same time identifying their genetic roots.
|Civilization III Wonders|
|Great Wonders||Colossus • Copernicus' Observatory • Cure for Cancer • Great Library • Great Lighthouse • Great Wall • Hanging Gardens • Hoover Dam • InternetP • JS Bach's Cathedral • Knights TemplarC • Leonardo's Workshop • Longevity • Magellan's Voyage • Manhattan Project • Mausoleum of MausollosC • Newton's University • Oracle • Pyramids • SETI Program • Shakespeare's Theater • Sistine Chapel • Smith's Trading Company • Statue of ZeusC • Sun Tzu's Art of War • Temple of ArtemisC • Theory of Evolution • United Nations • Universal Suffrage|
|Small Wonders||Apollo Program • Battlefield Medicine • Forbidden Palace • Heroic Epic • Intelligence Agency • Iron Works • Military Academy • Pentagon • Secret Police HeadquartersC • Strategic Missile Defense • Wall Street|
|P: Added in Play the World expansion • C: Added in Conquests expansion|