- "...Eagles fly, the turret rounds, and seem to flout the sky;
They eye those walls now crumbling in decay,
And scare from quiet rest their destined prey."
- –Samuel Prout Hill
Machu Picchu is a very situational Wonder. Since tiles next to Mountains are already limited in number, you won't often want to increase the competition on which districts should get priority placement next to Mountains. Of the three districts that this Wonder affects, Theater Squares benefit from it the most, since placing them next to Wonders is otherwise the only way to give them anything more than a minor adjacency bonus. The Production bonus from Industrial Zones adjacent to Mountains can be significant, especially when you have a long and curvy mountain range; however, it will be much more beneficial if you can build these districts surrounded by Hills, which can then be improved with Mines. Lastly, it's easy to give Commercial Hubs a large adjacency bonus after building this Wonder; however, a +1 Gold bonus is less valuable than a +1 Culture or Production bonus (especially when compared to every other resource or currency in the game up to this point), so it is never worth spending 400 Production solely to earn a few Gold.
At 2,430 meters above sea level in the Andes Mountains of Peru is the historic site of Machu Picchu. Once a royal estate, or perhaps a religious site, for the Incan empire, it was abandoned in the 16th century when the civilization was destroyed by a Spanish invasion. Lost to history for hundreds of years, Machu Picchu was rediscovered in 1911 by American archaeologist Hiram Bingham, exciting tourists immediately and for years to come. Today, hundreds of thousands of tourists visit the site annually.
Most remarkable about the site is how seamlessly it blends into the natural world. This lost city is made up of stone terraces, a farming sector, homes, temples, and more – approximately 200 buildings in total. The finely fit stonework and intricate irrigation systems nod to the sophistication of the lost Incan civilization.