Maria I (17 December 1734 – 20 March 1816) was Queen of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarves. Known as Maria the Pious (in Portugal) or Maria the Mad (in Brazil), she was the first undisputed Queen regnant of Portugal.
Maria I is the leader of the Portuguese in Civilization V: Brave New World. She speaks Portuguese and is seen in her palace, standing in the middle of a veranda or walkway that overlooks the ocean. She carries a scepter, and her outfit closely resembles the one she is wearing in the Giuseppe Troni portrait.
Unique Ability: Mare Clausum
Voice Actress: Luis Calado
|Wonder Competitiveness||5 (7-3)|
|City-State Influence Competitiveness||6 (8-4)|
|Hate Warmongers||5 (7-3)|
|Willingness to Denounce||7 (9-5)|
|Willingness to Declare Friendship||7 (9-5)|
|Offensive Unit Production||5 (7-3)|
|Defensive Unit Production||5 (7-3)|
|Defensive Building Production||5 (7-3)|
|Military Training Buildings Production||4 (6-2)|
|Recon Unit Production||6 (8-4)|
|Ranged Unit Production||5 (7-3)|
|Mobile Unit Production||5 (7-3)|
|Naval Unit Production||7 (9-5)|
|Naval Recon Unit Production||8 (10-6)|
|Air Unit Production||5 (7-3)|
|Naval Growth||5 (7-3)|
|Naval Tile Improvements||6 (8-4)|
|Water Connections||5 (7-3)|
|Tile Improvements||6 (8-4)|
|Infrastructure (Roads)||5 (7-3)|
|Production Emphasis||5 (7-3)|
|Gold Emphasis||7 (9-5)|
|Science Emphasis||5 (7-3)|
|Culture Emphasis||5 (7-3)|
|Happiness Emphasis||6 (8-4)|
|Great People Emphasis||5 (7-3)|
|Wonder Emphasis||4 (6-2)|
|Religion Emphasis||5 (7-3)|
|Diplomacy Victory||5 (7-3)|
|Spaceship Victory||5 (7-3)|
|Nuke Production||5 (7-3)|
|Use of Nukes||5 (7-3)|
|Use of Espionage||4 (6-2)|
|Anti-Air Production||5 (7-3)|
|Air Carrier Production||5 (7-3)|
|Land Trade Route Emphasis||5 (7-3)|
|Sea Trade Route Emphasis||5 (7-3)|
|Archaeology Emphasis||5 (7-3)|
|Trade Origin Emphasis||5 (7-3)|
|Trade Destination Emphasis||5 (7-3)|
|Airlift Emphasis||5 (7-3)|
|Likeliness to Declare War||4 (6-2)|
|Likeliness to be Hostile||3 (5-1)|
|Likeliness to be Deceptive||6 (8-4)|
|Likeliness to be Guarded||6 (8-4)|
|Likeliness to be Afraid||7 (9-5)|
|Likeliness to be Friendly||6 (8-4)|
|Likeliness to be Neutral||5 (7-3)|
|Ignore City-States||3 (5-1)|
|Friendliness to City-States||8 (10-6)|
|Protection of City-States||7 (9-5)|
|Conquest of City-States||4 (6-2)|
|Bullying of City-States||4 (6-2)|
Personality and BehaviorEdit
Maria may attempt any kind of victory, but she will most frequently aim for a diplomatic one.
Maria focuses primarily on expanding her empire, gathering gold, and forging alliances with city-states. She likes to build a huge navy, with a strong emphasis on reconnaissance units. Her army, however, will be only average in size.
Maria is neither bold nor hostile, and is one of the leaders most likely to be afraid. She can be quite friendly, but in keeping with her mental instability, she has a deceptive streak. She is also quick to denounce transgressions, especially when competing for the favor of city-states.
In a dynasty characterized by tragedy and madness for centuries, Maria I is undoubtedly the best known to the world, and perhaps the best beloved by the Portuguese people. As Queen of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarves, she was known as Maria the Pious while ruling in Portugal, or Maria the Mad after fleeing to Brazil in 1807 from Napoleon's invasion. Incapacitated by her growing madness, Maria I died in Rio de Janeiro in 1816.
Maria, raised and educated at court with her 3 younger sisters, devoted her greatest attention to religion and theology. Enthralled by the ritual and clarity of faith, Maria spent long hours in prayer and devotions. Accounts by court visitors note that she was graceful although tall, with sharp features but a warm smile. However, as early as her teens, she suffered from bouts of melancholy and nervous agitation, which occasionally confined her to her bed.
As Maria grew to adulthood, she wed Pedro III, the younger brother of her father. Despite their age difference - Maria was 25 and Pedro 42 at the time of their wedding - the marriage was stable and happy. Both were very pious, attending mass several times a day together. Pedro had his palace at Queluz torn down and constructed a new one in the style of Versailles, which Maria admired; the couple took up residence there in 1764 AD. Maria would give birth to seven children over the years, although only three survived to adulthood.
In 1776 AD, the king Jose I suffered a stroke, dying in February 1777. Following the earthquake and tidal wave that had devastated Lisbon and Portugal's coast in 1755, and an assassination attempt in 1778, Jose had increasingly left the governing of the nation in the ruthless hands of his secretary of state, the Marquess of Pombal, whose methods of reform were brutal and came at the cost of civil liberties and personal freedoms. Maria's first act upon coming to the throne was to dismiss him from the government, primarily because of his unstinting anti-Jesuit policies.
The next few years saw Portugal gradually embroiled in the affairs of Europe. In the face of the French Revolution, the country forged an alliance with Great Britain. In July 1782, Portugal joined the League of Armed Neutrality in hopes of remaining outside the spreading conflict of the Napoleonic Wars. Maria and her consort spent these years as patrons of the arts, especially interested in promoting religious works and in construction projects.
The queen had long suffered from religious mania and melancholia, but her mental state was first acknowledged in early 1786 AD when she had to be carried back to her apartments in a fit of delirium after a religious ceremony. Her state worsened when later that year her husband died after a short illness, followed two years later by her eldest son, and her only surviving daughter Mariana. That same year, the queen's long-time confessor also passed away. The cumulative effect of these events was to topple Maria I into complete madness.
In 1792, the council of ministers concluded that their queen was insane, and requested that her only surviving son, Joao, "assume the direction of public affairs." In 1799, he would take on the mantle of Prince Regent of Portugal as his mother was unfit to rule. Maria I was confined to the palace, occasionally roaming the corridors wailing "Ai Jesus" and calling for her dead husband and children.
Escape to BrazilEdit
In 1807 AD, the government's refusal to join Napoleon's blockade against Great Britain culminated in a French-Spanish invasion. Unable to resist defeat, Joao, at the urging of the British government, decided to flee with the entire royal family and his ministers to the Portuguese Viceroyalty of Brazil. Although Wellington would liberate Portugal in the Peninsula War, the royal family remained in Brazil for some years afterward.
Maria herself spent most of her remaining life in the Carmo Convent in Rio de Janeiro. During the eight years there, she suffered increasingly from physical ailments, including dysentery and tropical fevers; arthritis and oedema confined her to a wheelchair, and eventually to her bed. When her son or family members came to visit, she would repeatedly scream, "I want to die!" At last, at the age of 81, her tragic life ended.
Judgment of HistoryEdit
Despite her madness, Maria I is a greatly admired figure in both Portugal and Brazil, due to the changes and events that took place during her reign. In Portugal, she is now regarded as a strong female figure in its long history. Her place in the culture of that land is best displayed in the Queluz National Palace, a baroque masterpiece that she helped conceive. In Brazil, she is thought to be one of the key figures in the eventual independence of that nation. While her personal life may have been lamentable, her historical legacy is not.
Maria I is mother of João VI, who is the father of Dom Pedro I of Brazil (Dom Pedro IV of Portugal), who is in turn the father of Dom Pedro II (the leader of Brazil in Civilization V), making her his great-grandmother.
All except one of Maria's lines use the formal "you" (vós) when referring to the player.
Attacked: You cannot be serious! (lit. "You cannot be speaking seriously!") Well, if that's the case, then we have nothing more to talk about! (Não podeis estar a falar a sério! Bom, sendo assim, não temos mais do que falar!)
Declares War: I'm afraid I cannot allow your kingdom to exist for much longer! I hope you won't mind... <laughs> (Receio não poder permitir que o vosso reino exista durante muito mais tempo! Espero que não vos importeis... <laughs>)
Defeated: I know little about this conflict... <deep breath> I'll have to consult my regent... (Pouco conheço deste conflito... <deep breath> Terei de consultar o meu regente...)
Hate Hello: Why did you come? (Porque vieste?)
[Note: This is the only one of Maria's lines that uses an informal "you" (most probably because she is angry at you, which is understandable).]
Hate Let's Hear It 01: Speak! (Falai!)
Hate Let's Hear It 02: What do you want? (Que pretendeis?)
Hate Let's Hear It 03: You again?! (Vós novamente?!)
Hate No 01: What do you say? (Como dizeis?)
Hate No 02: Of course not! (Claro que não!)
Hate No 03: You must be kidding me! (Deveis estar a brincar comigo!)
Hate Yes 01: Okay./Very well. (Está bem.)
Hate Yes 02: If you insist. (Se insistis.)
Hate Yes 03: As you wish. (Como desejais.)
Intro: I am Maria, Queen of Portugal! Have we met before? You look familiar to me... Or maybe not. (Sou Maria, Rainha de Portugal! Já nos conhecemos? Pareceis-me familiar... Ou talvez não.)
Neutral Hello: Good morning. (Bons dias.)
Neutral Let's Hear It 01: Go on. (Prosseguide.)
Neutral Let's Hear It 02: I'm all ears. (Sou toda ouvidos.)
Neutral Let's Hear It 03: Yes? (Sim?)
Neutral No 01: Certainly not! (Certamente que não!)
Neutral No 02: We refuse! (Recusamos!)
Neutral No 03: Of course not! (Claro que não!)
Neutral Yes 01: Very well. (Muito bem.)
Neutral Yes 02: Certainly! (Certamente!)
Neutral Yes 03: Deal! (Acordado!)
Peaceful: Maybe now you'll learn not to underestimate the power of a queen! (Talvez agora aprendeis a não subestimar o poder de uma rainha!)
Request: Will you consider this offer? (Ireis considerar esta oferta?)
Blessings be upon you, most gracious Queen Maria, protector and sovereign of the Portuguese people. As the first ever Queen regnant of Portugal, it was your wise stewardship that protected the royal court from the incursions of Napoleon, establishing a safe haven in Brazil to preserve the integrity of Portuguese rule. Despite struggling with illness throughout your reign, your effort to ensure Portugal's close cooperation with Brazil are credited with helping that state gain its eventual independence - and for this you will always be admired and respected by the people of both nations.
Oh noble and pious queen, will you once again guide the kingdom of Portugal in the spirit of cooperation and prosperity? Will you establish a new legacy, one that will surpass all those who come before you? Can you build a civilization that will stand the test of time?