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Omar Khayyam is a Medieval Era Great Scientist in Civilization VI.

Unique ability[]

Triggers the Eureka Eureka for 2 random technologies and the Inspiration Inspiration for 1 random civic from the Medieval or Renaissance era.

Civilopedia entry[]

Known chiefly in the West for his 'Rubáiyát,' Ghiyāth al-Dīn Abu al-Fath 'Umar ibn al- Nīshāpūrī al-Khayyām (Omar Khayyam these days) was a Persian mathematician and astronomer of renown throughout the Islamic world. He was born in May 1048 in the town of Nishapur, the Seljuk capital in Khorasan. At some point in his early life, Omar went to Balkh (now in Afghanistan) to study under the Sheik Mansuri, and then later under the famed Imam Mowaffaq Nishapuri. As his studies ended, he began his scientific career writing treatises on various subjects, notably one on geometry and the theory of proportions. Other influential works from this period include one on algebra, a book on music, and the textbook 'Problems in Arithmetic' … all before he was 25 years old.

In 1070, Omar Khayyam moved to Samarkand, there supported by a prominent jurist, which allowed the polymath to work on a complete classification of cubic equations, his most famous book: 'Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra.' Then his 'Explanations of the Difficulties in the Postulates in Euclid’s Elements,' in which he devoted several sections to the fifth (parallel) postulate, revolutionized geometry; in the process, he laid the initial brick in the edifice of non-Euclidean geometry.

Omar made such a name for himself that the Seljuk sultan Malik-Shah invited him to undertake observations and calculations to reform the calendar. To accomplish this, Khayyam oversaw the construction of a state-of-the-art (for the time) observatory, and soon produced the Jalali calendar. Based on making eight of every 33 years “leap years,” it was more accurate than the Julian calendar in use in Europe, and in 1079 it became the official calendar throughout the expanding empire. After the sultan’s death he served as court astrologer until his death in 1131.

Civilization VI Great People [edit]
ArtistAdmiralEngineerGeneralComandante General1MerchantMusicianProphetScientistWriter
Great Works
Comandantes Generales1
Antonio Jose de SucreAntonio NariñoFrancisco de Paula SantanderGregor MacGregorJosé Antonio PáezJosé Félix RibasManuel PiarMariano MontillaRafael UrdanetaSantiago Mariño
Great Admirals
ArtemisiaChester NimitzChing ShihClancy FernandoFerdinand Magellan R&F-Only.pngFrancis DrakeFranz von HipperGaius DuiliusGrace HopperHanno the Navigator1Himerios1Horatio NelsonJoaquim Marques LisboaLaskarina BouboulinaLeif EriksonMatthew Perry1Rajendra CholaSanta CruzSergei GorshkovThemistoclesTogo HeihachiroYi Sun-SinZheng He
Great Artists
Amrita Sher-GilAndrei RublevAngelica KauffmanBoris OrlovskyClaude MonetDonatelloEdmonia LewisEl GrecoGustav KlimtHasegawa Tōhaku1Hieronymus BoschJang Seung-eopKamāl ud-Dīn Behzād1Katsushika HokusaiMarie-Anne CollotMary CassattMichelangeloQiu YingRembrandt van RijnSofonisba AnguissolaTitianVincent van GoghWassily Kandinsky1
Great Engineers
Ada LovelaceAlvar AaltoBi ShengCharles CorreaFilippo BrunelleschiGustave EiffelImhotep1Isidore of MiletusJames of St. GeorgeJames WattJane DrewJohn RoeblingJoseph PaxtonKenzo Tange1Leonardo da VinciMimar SinanNikola TeslaRobert GoddardSergei KorolevShah Jahān1Wernher von Braun
Great Generals
Ahmad Shah MassoudAna NzingaBoudicaDandara1Douglas MacArthurDwight EisenhowerEl CidGenghis KhanGeorgy ZhukovGustavus AdolphusHannibal BarcaJeanne d'ArcJohn MonashJosé de San MartínMarina RaskovaNapoleon BonaparteRani LakshmibaiSamori TouréSimón BolívarSudirmanSun TzuTimur R&F-Only.pngTrưng Trắc1Tupac Amaru1Vijaya WimalaratneÆthelflæd
Great Merchants
Adam SmithColaeusEstée LauderGiovanni de' MediciHelena RubinsteinIbn Fadlan1Irene of AthensJakob FuggerJamsetji TataJohn Jacob AstorJohn RockefellerJohn SpilsburyLevi StraussMarco PoloMarcus Licinius CrassusMary Katherine GoddardMasaru IbukaMelitta BentzPiero de' BardiRaja Todar MalSarah BreedloveStamford Raffles1Zhang QianZhou Daguan1
Great Musicians
Antonio VivaldiAntonín DvořákAntônio Carlos GomesClara SchumannDimitrie Cantemir1Franz LisztFrédéric ChopinGauhar JaanJohann Sebastian BachJuventino RosasLili'uokalaniLiu TianhuaLudwig van BeethovenMykola LeontovychPeter Ilyich TchaikovskyScott Joplin1Wolfgang Amadeus MozartYatsuhashi Kengyo
Great Prophets
Adi ShankaraBodhidharmaConfuciusFrancis of AssisiHaji HuudIrenaeusJohn the BaptistLaoziMadhva AcharyaMartin LutherO No YasumaroSiddhartha GautamaSimon PeterSongtsan GampoThomas AquinasZoroaster
Great Scientists
Abdus SalamAbu Al-Qasim Al-ZahrawiAlan TuringAlbert EinsteinAlfred NobelAryabhataCarl SaganCharles DarwinDmitri MendeleevEmilie Du ChateletErwin SchrödingerEuclidGalileo GalileiHildegard of BingenHypatiaIbn Khaldun1Isaac NewtonJames YoungJanaki AmmalMargaret Mead1Mary LeakeyOmar KhayyamStephanie KwolekZhang Heng1
Great Writers
Alexander PushkinBeatrix Potter1BhasaEdgar Allen PoeEmily DickinsonF. Scott FitzgeraldGabriela Mistral1Geoffrey ChaucerH. G. WellsHomerJames JoyceJane AustenJohann Wolfgang von GoetheKarel CapekLeo TolstoyLi BaiMargaret CavendishMarie-Catherine d'AulnoyMark TwainMary ShelleyMiguel de CervantesMurasaki ShikibuNiccolò MachiavelliOvidQu YuanRabindranath TagoreRumi1Valmiki1William Shakespeare
1 Requires a DLC

R&F-Only.png Added in the Rise and Fall expansion pack.

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