- "Remember to feed your people. Soldiers' bellies are not satisfied with empty promises and hopes."
Peter I (9 June 1672 – 8 February 1725), also known as Peter Alexeyevich and more commonly as Peter the Great, was Tsar of Russia from 1682 until his death. During his reign, he vastly expanded the borders of the Russian Empire, and modernized Russia's political and cultural systems through the introduction of Western-style Enlightenment values. He leads the Russians in Civilization VI.
Embrace the chill winds of the Motherland, Tsar Peter. Your fascination with science and culture is a gift, and you will learn much from your Grand Embassies to other lands. Under your rule, Russia will surely flourish and spread, absorbing all that lies around it, perhaps creating the greatest land empire seen on this earth.
Peter's bonuses are ideal for taking over large swaths of territory for two reasons. First, Russia's cities innately cover more territory once settled as a result of their unique civ ability. Secondly, Peter's Lavras grant extra tiles for their cities whenever he expends a Great Person. With proper strategy, Russia will quickly amass great swaths of land. Combined with Peter's leader ability to absorb Science and Culture from their respective leading civilizations, and you have a very powerful empire that can win with any type of victory.
Agenda-based Approval: Yours is a society to emulate. Arts, sciences… what don't you have? (Ваш народ достоин восхищения! Искусство, наука - чего еще желать? / Vash narod dostoin voskhishcheniya! Iskusstvo, nauka - chego yeshchyo zhelat'? - lit. "Your people are worthy of admiration. Arts, sciences... What else can you wish for?")
Agenda-based Disapproval: Your people are starved for knowledge and beauty, and yet you ignore science and art. Why? (Ваши люди жаждут познания и красоты, но вы гнушаетесь науки и искусства. Отчего же? / Vashi lyudi zhazhdut poznaniya i krasoty, no vy gnushayetes' nauki i iskusstva. Otchego zhe? - lit. "Your people thirst for knowledge and beauty, but you shun science and art. Why so?")
Attacked: Your war is hopeless. You have not learned from history. Conquering Russia is impossible. He who lives by the sword, dies by the sword! (Ваша война тщетна. Россию победить невозможно! Кто с мечом к нам придёт - тот от меча и погибнет! / Vasha voyna tshchetna. Rossiyu pobedit' nevozmozhno! Kto s mechom k nam pridyot - tot ot mecha i pogibnyet! - lit. "Your war is futile. It's impossible to defeat Russia! Whoever will come to us with a sword, from a sword will perish!")
[Note: The last sentence is actually a famous phrase from Alexander Nevsky, a 1938 film by Sergei Eisenstein. Nowadays, it is erroneously attributed to the historical figure of Alexander Nevsky.]
Declares War: I hereby proclaim you an enemy to Russia, our allies, and God, may he have mercy on your soul. (За сим провозглашаю вас врагом России, наших союзников и Господа! Да помилует Он вашу душу. / Za sim provozglashayu vas vragom Rossii, nashikh soyuznikov, i Gospoda! Da pomiluyet On vashu dushu.)
[Note: "За сим / za sim" (hereby) is the only archaic expression that he uses in his lines spoken in Russian.]
Defeated: I am defeated. To live one's life is not like crossing a field. (Я сражён. Жизнь прожить - не поле перейти. / Ya srazhyon. Zhizn' prozhit' - nye polye pereyti.)
[Note: The second sentence is a Russian proverb popularized by the novel Doctor Zhivago by Boris Pasternak, a 20th-century Russian novelist, poet, and 1958 Nobel laureate in Literature. Its English analogue is "Life is not all clear sailing in calm water."]
Greeting: Hello, I am Tsar Peter. So, a cultured leader such as yourself must enjoy the finer things in life. Are you fond of art as well? (Здравствуйте, я - царь Петр. Достойный правитель, подобный вам, должен ценить все самое изысканное. Любите ли вы искусство, подобно мне? / Zdravstvuyte, ya - tsar' Pyotr. Dostoynyy pravitel', podobnyy vam, dolzhen tsenit' vso samoye izyskannoye. Lyubite li vy iskusstvo, podobno mnye? - lit. "Hello! I am Tsar Peter. A worthy ruler such as yourself must appreciate all the most exquisite things. Do you like art as I do?")
Quote from Civilopedia: Remember to feed your people. Soldiers' bellies are not satisfied with empty promises and hopes. (Не забывайте кормить свой народ. Солдатский желудок пустыми обещаниями не насытить. / Ne zabyvayte kormit' svoy narod. Soldatskiy zheludok pustymi obeshchaniyami ne nasytit'. - lit. "Don't forget to feed your people. You can't satiate a soldier's stomach with empty promises.")
[Note: According to Eugene Schuyler's book Peter the Great, Emperor of Russia, A Study of Historical Biography the second sentence was what he said to Danish ministers stating lack of provision as one of the reasons for cancellation of the planned joint invasion of Scania from Denmark during Great Northern War.]
Delegation: I have sent you a trade delegation bearing gifts of the finest caviar. Please enjoy.
Accepts Delegation from Player: Your trade delegation arrived, and I am always happy to receive visitors from abroad, especially when they bring gifts.
Rejects Delegation from Player: I cannot accept.
Accepts Player's Declaration of Friendship: Your offer is kind. I accept, for the good of my people and yours.
Rejects Player's Declaration of Friendship: I must decline. An old friend is better than two new ones.
[Note: the last sentence is a literal translation of a Russian proverb (Старый друг лучше новых двух. / Staryy drug luchshe novykh dvukh).]
Requests Declaration of Friendship: I am honoured to extend to you my friendship, and a friendship between our nations. Do you accept?
Trade Deal Accepted: You have my gratitude.
Denounced by Player: My people live through winters more dangerous than your army. Do you think we’re afraid of your threats?
Denounces Player: I have seen much in my life, but I have never seen such a despicable leader. You should be ashamed, and will be.
Invitation to Capital: Would you like to exchange information about our capitals? Mine is a beacon of progress, but I do not know yours.
Invitation to City: Come, let me show you my nearby city. Afterwards we can attend a ball at a beautiful dacha in the countryside.
Whether he deserved the sobriquet “the Great” or not, Pyotr Alexeyevich certainly managed some impressive achievements during his four-decade reign over Russia. By his death, Russia had been modernized, westernized, enlightened and revolutionized (at least in terms of culture and science). In a series of successful wars, Peter had gained ports on the Black and Baltic seas and made Russia a “player” in European politics. All-in-all, his legacy still resonates in Russia and Eastern Europe.
Peter avoided the limitations of his elder half-brothers, Feodor III and Ivan V, both physically weak and sickly, and the latter of “infirm mind.” Consequently, when Feodor died childless in May 1682, the Boyar Duma chose the ten-year-old Peter to become tsar, with his mother Natalya Naryshkina to serve as regent. But a revolt of the Streltsy (the Russian palace guard), engineered by the ambitious Sophia Alekseyevna, Ivan’s sister and Peter’s half-sister, forced the boyars to proclaim Ivan and Peter to be “co-rulers” with primacy given to Ivan. In the turmoil, some of Peter’s family and friends were killed by the Streltsy on Sophia’s orders … and Peter had a long memory.
Sophia was made regent, not that that bothered the young Peter (much) for he was more interested in such pastimes as model shipbuilding, sailing and waging mock wars with his extensive collection of toy soldiers. And his studies. Peter was smart (could say “brilliant”) and his father had installed some of the greatest minds of the Russian Enlightenment – the “learned druzhina” – as his tutors. They indoctrinated him with all those messy concepts popular in Europe at the time: benevolent absolutism, equality (for the non-royal, of course), scientific progress, freedom of speech, the “Republic of Letters,” and a whole host of European customs.
In the midst of all this learning, his mother sought to distract him with an arranged marriage to Eudoxia Lopukhina in 1689, but that didn’t work out and ten years later Peter forced Eudoxia to become a nun, banished to the convent at Suzdal. Rather more of a distraction was Peter’s plot to seize power from his half-sister. Getting wind of his plans, Sophia moved first. As the Streltsy revolted, Peter fled to an impregnable Orthodox monastery, there to gather his own forces. In the end, Sophia was overthrown and forced to enter a convent (Peter seemed to have some scruples about killing females). The co-rule with the senile and virtually blind Ivan continued, but now with Peter having the real power.
Drawing on all that enlightened thinking he’d absorbed, Peter almost immediately implemented sweeping reforms aimed at modernizing Russia in the European manner. He faced a bit of opposition – uprisings by the Streltsy, boyars, Bashkirs and Bulavin Cossacks – but his response was invariably swift and brutal. He implemented his “social modernization” with equal single-mindedness; as an outward sign of the progress Russia was making in becoming civilized (ever an uphill struggle), Peter required his courtiers, officials and officers to shave their beards and adopt modern dress. In fact, he placed a tax on beards and robes in September 1698.
But to keep all this progress rolling, Russia needed an easier way to connect with Europe: maritime ports that would open Peter’s realm to the ready exchange of goods and knowledge with the West. To the north, the Baltic was dominated by stiff-necked Swedes; to the south the Ottomans held the Black Sea and the Persian Safavids the Caspian. To even contemplate war with such powerful neighbors, Peter needed allies and supporters among the European monarchs. He set out on his “Grand Embassy” in 1697 to gain them.
While he didn’t succeed in his plans – forcing Russia to go it alone with the heavyweights – Peter did get to see Europe firsthand, from Amsterdam to London to Leipzig to Vienna, and was enamored. He studied shipbuilding with the Dutch East India Company, and hired shipwrights and seamen to go to Russia. He paid a visit to the famed Frederik Ruysch, who taught him how to draw teeth and collect butterflies. In England, he met with the king and learned about “modern” city planning in Manchester. Unfortunately, a revolt by the Streltsy caused Peter to cut his European vacation short. Arriving home, Peter had some 1200 of them tortured and executed, and finally disbanded the irritating Streltsy and created a new Imperial Guard.
Even without allies, Peter got Russia embroiled in war with the Turks. But the outbreak of the Great Northern War forced him to come to a temporary accord with them, although he did manage to hang onto captured Azov, a strategic fortress where the Don River empties into the Black Sea. While the Poles and Lithuanians kept the Swedish king and military genius Charles XII busy by dying a lot, Peter took Ingermanland on the Baltic from the Swedes in 1703 and founded the city of St. Petersburg, destined to be the new Russian capital. By the time Charles got done smashing the Poles, Peter was ready for the Swedish invasion. Skillfully retreating southward, getting defeated periodically, the Russians finally won their great victory at Poltava, effectively ending the war. In the end, in 1721, Peter acquired some nice new additions to his empire: Livonia, Estonia, Ingria and a substantial portion of Karelia.
Peter the Great spent the end of his days reforming again. He took a hand in reorganizing the Russian Orthodox Church; when the traditional head of the church, the Patriarch of Moscow died, the tsar refused to name a replacement as usual and instead created a Holy Synod to govern it. And he created an act that forbade any man to enter a monastery before the age of 50, believing that their productive years were being wasted. He issued a decree establishing compulsory education, abolished the land and household taxes (although, no fiscal fool, he did institute a poll tax), and began the Peterhof Palace for his descendants to enjoy. He never got to see it himself, dying in February 1725 at the age of 52.
- Peter's diplomacy screen shows a shipyard with boats under construction.
- A similar scene is depicted in a statue of Peter the Great learning shipbuilding in Saardam.
- Peter's leader ability is named after his diplomatic mission to Western Europe while his leader agenda references the 19th-century intellectuals who believed that Russian development depended upon the adoption of Western European technology and liberal government.
Win a regular game as Peter the Great
|Civilization VI Leaders |
Alexander1 • Amanitore1 • Ambiorix1 • Bà Triệu1 • Basil II1 • Catherine de Medici • Chandragupta • Cleopatra • Cyrus1 • Dido • Eleanor of Aquitaine • Frederick Barbarossa • Gandhi • Genghis Khan • Gilgamesh • Gitarja1 • Gorgo • Hammurabi1 • Harald Hardrada • Hojo Tokimune • Jadwiga1 • Jayavarman VII1 • João III1 • John Curtin1 • Kristina • Kublai Khan1 • Kupe • Lady Six Sky1 • Lautaro • Mansa Musa • Matthias Corvinus • Menelik II1 • Montezuma • Mvemba a Nzinga • Pachacuti • Pedro II • Pericles • Peter • Philip II • Poundmaker • Qin Shi Huang • Robert the Bruce • Saladin • Seondeok • Shaka • Simón Bolívar1 • Suleiman • Tamar • Teddy Roosevelt • Tomyris • Trajan • Victoria • Wilfrid Laurier • Wilhelmina
|1 Requires a DLC|