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20xProduction5.png Production is one of the most important game concepts in Civilization V. Producing stuff (a.k.a. "building," "training" or "constructing") means the ability of cities to generate gameplay units or stationary improvements such as buildings or Projects. In this sense, the term "production" is used to express how much a city is able to build each turn - be it constructing a building, or training a unit, or working on a particular project. Since all these are basic activities in the game, and start from its beginning, you can see that it's of the utmost importance to understand and develop production in your cities.

Note that every city has at least 1 20xProduction5.png Production point from its main tile, so you can always produce something in it. However, if you only rely on that lone point, your projects in this city will take forever. Make sure you expand your 20xProduction5.png Production capabilities if you want your city to progress. 


Production is measured in points, as all other stats in the game. Each city generates a certain amount of Production points (PP) per turn, depending on all the sources of 20xProduction5.png Production it is using currently. A number of special bonuses may apply, either permanently, or related only to the city's current production project.

All things that can be built require a certain amount of 20xProduction5.png Production points to accomplish. Once you start working on a project (building a building, training a unit, etc.) in a city, the total value of its 20xProduction5.png Production plus any bonuses applicable are applied each turn towards completing it, and when the total amount is reached, the project is accomplished and you may start another one. Note that you can start and stop a project as many times as you want, then later restart it from the same point where you stopped, just as you can when researching technologies.

There are a number of special production bonuses in the game, which apply only for certain types of projects. For example, the Forge building provides a 20xProduction5.png Production bonus when training land units in a city, but not for naval units, or for building construction. The Windmill, on the other hand, applies a bonus when constructing buildings, but not when training units. Keep track of your city's potential and use it to their maximum.

If your civilization is unhappy, 20xProduction5.png Production in each of your cities lowers by 2% per point of Unhappiness (Civ5).png Unhappiness. On the other hand, during a Golden Age, all cities receive a 20% 20xProduction5.png Production increase.

20xProduction5.png Production is applied to whatever the city is building at the start of that player's turn. If production is changed between turns using the circle with the item's picture on the right of the city's bar before their player's turn starts, production will be applied to the new item instead.

When you are producing a particular unit and you happen to research the technology necessary to access its next-generation equivalent, your city will automatically switch to the new unit in mid-production. All progress is transferred to the new unit (so you don't lose any PPs), but since higher-level units require more PPs in general, it will take more turns to finish the unit than you anticipated.

Sources of Production[]

The most important source of 20xProduction5.png Production is the land. Many terrain types and relief features (such as hills) have mineral deposits, metals, stones, and other features that represent inherent production potential - this adds directly to the city production total when their tiles are worked. Improvements built on the land, such as Mines, increase the production potential (although, again, that potential is useless unless worked by the 20xPopulation5.png Citizens in that city). Later in the game, technological development is capable of increasing the production potential even more.

Terrains and Terrain Features with Production Potential[]

Terrain 20xProduction5.png Production Potential
Plains 1
Hills 2 (All hills besides snow hills provide this bonus naturally.) 
Forests 1 (You can chop down the forest, but that will alter the tile's features!)
Atolls 1

Tile Improvements That Boost Production[]

Improvement 20xProduction5.png Production boost
Mine +1, +2 with Chemistry
Lumber Mill +1, +2 with Scientific Theory
Pasture +1
Camp +1
Quarry +1, +2 with Chemistry
Oil Well +3
Offshore Platform +3
Manufactory +4, +5 with Chemistry, +10 by adopting all policies in the Freedom tree (vanilla only)

Natural Resources That Boost Production[]

Many resources add to the production potential of their tiles. The improvements that allow access to them may also contribute to increased 20xProduction5.png Production. Try to access those first, as they will give you early benefits.

Resource 20xProduction5.png Production boost
Stone Stone +1
Horses Horses +1
Coal Coal +1
Marble Marble +2 with Quarry
Iron Iron +1
Oil Oil +1
Uranium Uranium +1
Aluminum Aluminum +1

Buildings That Provide Production[]

The second major source of 20xProduction5.png Production are buildings, such as a Factory - they provide facilities, tool shops, and later machines which all increase the abilities of a city to produce stuff. Besides providing additional Production PPs in your main city tile, buildings also boost total 20xProduction5.png Production in a city by a percentage. And, some of them provide Engineer (Civ5).png Engineer specialist slots, which are additional sources of 20xProduction5.png Production (+2 Production per Engineer (Civ5).png Engineer).

Also, certain buildings are capable of adding 20xProduction5.png Production to tiles worked by this city. For example, the Lighthouse adds 1 PP to all sea resources worked by the city. Note that this benefit is only enjoyed if the relevant tile is worked, though.

Era Building 20xProduction5.png Production Note
Ancient Stone Works +1 City must have an improved Marble Marble or Stone Stone nearby, city cannot be on plains
Ancient Water Mill +1 City must be built next to a river
Classical Stable +15% when building mounted units, +1 on each Horses Horses, Cattle Cattle, and Sheep Sheep City must have an improved Horses Horses, Cattle Cattle, or Sheep Sheep nearby
Classical BNW-only.png Lighthouse +1 on sea resources worked by this city City must be on the coast
Medieval Forge +15% when building land units, +1 on improved Iron Iron City must have an improved Iron Iron nearby
Medieval Workshop +2, +10%
Medieval Longhouse +2, +1 from each worked forest Iroquois unique building, replacing Workshop
Medieval Harbor +1 on sea resources worked by city City must be on the coast
Renaissance Seaport +1 on sea resources worked by city City must be on the coast
Renaissance Windmill +2, +10% when building buildings City cannot be on hills
Renaissance Coffee House +2, +5% Austrian unique building, replacing Windmill
Industrial Factory +4, +10% Requires 1 Coal Coal
Modern Hydro Plant +1 in all tiles beside rivers Requires 1 Aluminum Aluminum, city must be built next to a river
Modern Nuclear Plant +5, +15% Requires 1 Uranium Uranium, city cannot have a Solar Plant
Modern Solar Plant +5, +15% City must be built on or next to desert, city cannot have a Nuclear Plant
Modern Spaceship Factory +3, +50% when building spaceship parts Requires 1 Aluminum Aluminum

Wonders That Provide Production[]

Wonder 20xProduction5.png Production Requirement
Ironworks +8 Requires a Workshop in all cities
Temple of Artemis +15% ranged unit production Archery

In addition to those, certain Natural wonders also have 20xProduction5.png Production potential.

Engineer Specialists[]

Each Engineer you assign to work in one of your special buildings (such as the Workshop) will add +2 20xProduction5.png Production to the city base.

Social Policies That Affect Production[]

And finally, certain social policies affect production:

Policy Tree Era Requirements Effect
Aristocracy Tradition none none +15% 20xProduction5.png Production when building wonders
Republic Liberty none none +1 20xProduction5.png Production in every City and +5% 20xProduction5.png Production in cities when constructing buildings
Collective Rule Liberty none Republic Settler production doubled
Warrior Code Honor none none +15% 20xProduction5.png Production when training melee units
Communism Order Industrial Socialism +2 20xProduction5.png Production per City and +1 20xProduction5.png Production per Mine and Quarry
Total War Autocracy Industrial Police State, Fascism +25% 20xProduction5.png Production when building Military Units
Merchant Navy Commerce Medieval Naval Tradition +3 20xProduction5.png Production in all coastal Cities


  • Adopting Piety reduces the time to build Culture buildings by 15%. (Vanilla Civilization V only)
  • GodsKings5 clear.png Adopting Piety reduces the Production cost of Shrines and Temples in half.
  • Adopting all Social Policies in the Order tree will grant +1 20xProduction5.png Production per city. (Vanilla and GodsKings5 clear.png only)
  • BNW-only.png With the introduction of the Ideology system, Order and Autocracy are no longer Social Policy trees and the bonus from Communism is transferred to Five-Year Plan.

Last, but not least, cutting down a forest gives the nearest city an instant boost of some PPs towards whatever it happens to be working on. You can use this strategically - for example, to boost the building of a Wonder.

Rail connection to Capital[]

If there is a route involving only Railroads and Harbors from a city to its owner's Capital Capital, that city receives a +25% 20xProduction5.png Production bonus. The Capital Capital itself can never receive this bonus.

Converting Production[]

After researching Guilds and Education, your cities gain the ability to convert 20xProduction5.png Production into Gold Gold, or Science Science. That means the city's production power (workshops, engineers, craftsmen, etc.) is loaned to either merchants or scientists to aid them in their activities, instead of producing buildings or units.

25% of the total 20xProduction5.png Production potential of the city is then turned into respectively gold coins, or science points. For example, if a city has 40 PP potential, it will produce 10 Gold Gold or Science Science per turn. The process is continuous - once assigned, the city will produce Gold Gold/Science Science until you change the production.

Conversion is an alternate way of occupying your city with something, if you can't think of anything else useful you can build right then. Or, of course, you're desperate for some cash, or if your tech progress is turtle-speed.

Be aware that the extreme inefficiency of the conversion means that, in most cases, it is more worthwhile to spend your hammers on something else. Use the conversion if you think you are more or less guaranteed peace, you need to time a tech/purchase, or can shave a critical turn off a tech/purchase by doing so.


Managing 20xProduction5.png Production is one of the most important parts of the game. Without production potential, a city will take forever to build even the most basic stuff (a Granary, for example). If you don't want this to happen, think ahead of time.

First, you have to keep in mind that each city has its individual features, affecting 20xProduction5.png Production, and if you want to maximize its potential, you'll need to manage each city individually.

Next, you need to familiarize yourself with all game details described above, which affect Production. You can't expect a city to produce stuff fast if you haven't assigned any 20xPopulation5.png Citizens to work tiles with production potential. Of course, you can use the automatic manager, setting it to concentrate on 20xProduction5.png Production, but that won't help much if the city doesn't have any sources of 20xProduction5.png Production to start with. So, start planning for that from the very start - from choosing a place to settle your city.

When doing this, think - you'll need some ways to boost production, if you don't want your city to just be a territory-enhancer. Try to settle it in an area with at least one or two hills nearby (those are the most ready 20xProduction5.png Production enhancers), or with resources which will add to 20xProduction5.png Production. In the case of a coastal city, look for sea resources, and try to build a Harbor (or Lighthouse in Brave New World) and Seaport ASAP - they add 20xProduction5.png Production potential to resources. Regardless, you won't be able to always make cities with lots of 20xProduction5.png Production potential - sometimes getting access to other resources from the land is more important. In those cases, look to enhance 20xProduction5.png Production by constructing the relevant buildings ASAP.

Now, you'll find out in the course of the game that you don't need all of your cities to be production-monsters. In the civilization, you build either buildings that will enhance your stats (both in this particular city and empire-wise), or you build units and armies. Since the first is related to individual city development, and the second - not (it doesn't matter at all (mostly) where exactly units are created, as long as they ARE created), you can develop the following strategy:

Select 2-3 of your cities and maximize their 20xProduction5.png Production potential (assign 20xPopulation5.png Citizens in tiles with 20xProduction5.png Production, construct the 20xProduction5.png Production-enhancing buildings). One of them should be coastal, for shipbuilding. Build the special buildings for unit training (Barracks, Armory, Military Academy). Then train all your military or civilian units there - they'll get experience up-front, and they'll free the rest of your cities exclusively for constructing buildings for local enhancements.

Civilization V [edit]
Gods & KingsBrave New World

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† Only in vanilla Civ5
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