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{{seewp|Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri}}
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'''''Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri''''' (sometimes abbreviated to '''SMAC''' or '''Alpha Centauri''') is a [[turn-based strategy]] computer game created by [[Brian Reynolds]] and [[Sid Meier]] in 1999 for the company they created along with [[Jeff Briggs]], [[Firaxis Games]].<ref name="B">{{cite web|title=Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri|url=http://www.firaxis.com/games/game_detail.php?gameid=7|work=Firaxis Games}}</ref> The story entails the colonization of a planet in the [[Alpha Centauri]] star system. It picks up where Meier and Reynolds' earlier titles, ''[[Sid Meier's Civilization|Civilization]]'' and ''[[Civilization II]]'', left off. An expansion pack called ''[[Sid Meier's Alien Crossfire]]'' (aka '''SMACX''' or just '''SMAX''') was also released.<ref name="B" /> Although being popular with gamers and critically acclaimed, the game never reached the heights of success of the ''[[Civilization (series)|Civilization]]'' games. Pre-patched versions of ''Alpha Centauri'' and ''Alien Crossfire'' were later bundled together in the ''Alpha Centauri Planetary Pack''.<ref name="C">{{cite web|title=Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri Planetary Pack|url=http://www.mobygames.com/game/sid-meiers-alpha-centauri-planetary-pack|work=Moby Games}}</ref> The game has also been released under the Sold-Out Software label.
'''''Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri''''' (sometimes abbreviated to '''SMAC''' or '''''Alpha Centauri''''') is a [[turn-based strategy]] computer game created by [[Brian Reynolds]] and [[Sid Meier]] in 1999 for the company they created along with [[Jeff Briggs]], [[Firaxis Games]].<ref name="B">{{cite web|title=Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri|url=http://www.firaxis.com/games/game_detail.php?gameid=7|work=Firaxis Games}}</ref> The story entails the colonization of a planet in the [[Alpha Centauri]] star system. It picks up where Meier and Reynolds' earlier titles, ''[[Sid Meier's Civilization|Civilization]]'' and ''[[Civilization II]]'', left off. An expansion pack called ''[[Sid Meier's Alien Crossfire]]'' (aka '''SMACX''' or just '''SMAX''') was also released.<ref name="B" /> Although being popular with gamers and critically acclaimed, the game never reached the heights of success of the ''[[Civilization (series)|Civilization]]'' games. Pre-patched versions of ''Alpha Centauri'' and ''Alien Crossfire'' were later bundled together in the ''Alpha Centauri Planetary Pack''.<ref name="C">{{cite web|title=Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri Planetary Pack|url=http://www.mobygames.com/game/sid-meiers-alpha-centauri-planetary-pack|work=Moby Games}}</ref> The game has also been released under the Sold-Out Software label.
 
   
 
Brendan Casey (scient) released Version 1.0 of the Unofficial SMAC/X Patch, which fixes some bugs in ''Alpha Centauri'' on May 7, 2010.<ref>Casey, Brendan (scient, 2010) [http://www.civgaming.net/forums/showthread.php?p=162396#post162396 "Unofficial SMAC/X Patches Version 1.0"], Civilization Gaming Networks Forums, May 7, 2010.</ref> His project began in February 2009 at [[Apolyton]]'s Alpha Centauri site<ref>Casey, Brendan (scient, 2009) [http://www.apolyton.net/forums/showthread.php?p=5531636#post5531636 "Fixing SMACX Bugs"], Apolyton Civilizations Site Forums, February 13, 2009.</ref> and moved in June 2009 to the Civilization Gaming Network,<ref>[http://www.civgaming.net/forums/showthread.php?p=161019#post161019 "Orientation and Moderation"], Civilization Gaming Networks Forums, June 19, 2009.</ref> where he will continue developing further versions of the patch.<ref>WePlayCiv [http://www.weplayciv.com//node/233 "Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri / Alien Crossfire Unofficial Patch released!"], ''WePlayCiv'', May 14, 2010.</ref>
 
Brendan Casey (scient) released Version 1.0 of the Unofficial SMAC/X Patch, which fixes some bugs in ''Alpha Centauri'' on May 7, 2010.<ref>Casey, Brendan (scient, 2010) [http://www.civgaming.net/forums/showthread.php?p=162396#post162396 "Unofficial SMAC/X Patches Version 1.0"], Civilization Gaming Networks Forums, May 7, 2010.</ref> His project began in February 2009 at [[Apolyton]]'s Alpha Centauri site<ref>Casey, Brendan (scient, 2009) [http://www.apolyton.net/forums/showthread.php?p=5531636#post5531636 "Fixing SMACX Bugs"], Apolyton Civilizations Site Forums, February 13, 2009.</ref> and moved in June 2009 to the Civilization Gaming Network,<ref>[http://www.civgaming.net/forums/showthread.php?p=161019#post161019 "Orientation and Moderation"], Civilization Gaming Networks Forums, June 19, 2009.</ref> where he will continue developing further versions of the patch.<ref>WePlayCiv [http://www.weplayciv.com//node/233 "Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri / Alien Crossfire Unofficial Patch released!"], ''WePlayCiv'', May 14, 2010.</ref>
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Generally, only friendly units (the player's own or those of a pact ally) can occupy the same square. Enemy units must be eliminated (or, in some cases, forced to withdraw) in order to move into their square. Combat is usually initiated when a unit belonging to one faction attempts to enter a square occupied by a unit/units of a hostile faction. Many factors affect the outcome of combat, including:
 
Generally, only friendly units (the player's own or those of a pact ally) can occupy the same square. Enemy units must be eliminated (or, in some cases, forced to withdraw) in order to move into their square. Combat is usually initiated when a unit belonging to one faction attempts to enter a square occupied by a unit/units of a hostile faction. Many factors affect the outcome of combat, including:
 
 
* The attacking unit's weapon rating;
 
* The attacking unit's weapon rating;
 
* The defending unit's armor rating;
 
* The defending unit's armor rating;
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=== Native life ===
 
=== Native life ===
 
{{main|Native life (SMAC)}}
 
{{main|Native life (SMAC)}}
 
 
Adding to the trouble of the human factions is a pinkish-red indigenous semi-sentient fungus (''xenofungus'') that spans the planet. Concentrations of it can spawn more aggressive native life forms, the most basic of which are known as ''mind worms''. Mind worms and other native life act as the planet's immune system, reacting to heavy industrial pollution by attacking offending cities and installations. On the flip side, mind worms can be captured by factions with a deep understanding of Planet's fragile ecology and used as instruments of war and police.<ref name="prima" />
 
Adding to the trouble of the human factions is a pinkish-red indigenous semi-sentient fungus (''xenofungus'') that spans the planet. Concentrations of it can spawn more aggressive native life forms, the most basic of which are known as ''mind worms''. Mind worms and other native life act as the planet's immune system, reacting to heavy industrial pollution by attacking offending cities and installations. On the flip side, mind worms can be captured by factions with a deep understanding of Planet's fragile ecology and used as instruments of war and police.<ref name="prima" />
   
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=== Factions ===
 
=== Factions ===
 
{{main|Factions (SMAC)}}
 
{{main|Factions (SMAC)}}
 
 
The original game had seven factions. The ''[[Alien Crossfire]]'' expansion adds seven more.
 
The original game had seven factions. The ''[[Alien Crossfire]]'' expansion adds seven more.
   
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==See also==
 
==See also==
* [[List of technologies (SMAC)|List of technologies]]
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*[[List of technologies (SMAC)|List of technologies]]
* [[List of Secret Projects (SMAC)|List of Secret Projects]]
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*[[List of Secret Projects (SMAC)|List of Secret Projects]]
* [[Base facilities (SMAC)|Base facilities]]
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*[[Base facilities (SMAC)|Base facilities]]
* [[Social Engineering (SMAC)|Social Engineering]]
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*[[Social Engineering (SMAC)|Social Engineering]]
* [[Resources (SMAC)|Resources]]
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*[[Resources (SMAC)|Resources]]
* [[Planet (SMAC)|Planet]]
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*[[Planet (SMAC)|Planet]]
* [[Landmarks (SMAC)|Landmarks]]
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*[[Landmarks (SMAC)|Landmarks]]
* [[Native life (SMAC)|Native life]]
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*[[Native life (SMAC)|Native life]]
* [[Factions (SMAC)|Factions]]
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*[[Factions (SMAC)|Factions]]
* [[Strategy guide (SMAC)|Strategy guide]]
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*[[Strategy guide (SMAC)|Strategy guide]]
   
 
==Production==
 
==Production==
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==Reception==
 
==Reception==
The magazine PC Gamer US awarded ''Alpha Centauri'' a score of 98%, which was the highest score ever given by that magazine—''Civilization II'' being the previous holder of this record with 97%. Later, PC Gamer also gave ''Half-Life 2'' and ''Crysis'' scores of 98% in 2004 and 2007, respectively, tying each with ''Alpha Centauri''. The magazine also gave ''Alpha Centauri'' Editor's choice and Turn-based strategy game of the year awards in 1999.
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The magazine PC Gamer US awarded Alpha Centauri a score of 98%, which was the highest score ever given by that magazine—Civilization II being the previous holder of this record with 97%. Later, PC Gamer also gave Half-Life 2 and Crysis scores of 98% in 2004 and 2007, respectively, tying each with Alpha Centauri. The magazine also gave Alpha Centauri Editor's choice and Turn-based strategy game of the year awards in 1999.
   
''Alpha Centauri'' has also won several Game of the Year awards, including those from ''The Denver Post'' and ''Toronto Sun''. It won Turn-based Strategy Game of the year award from GameSpot as well. The Academy of Interactive Arts & Sciences named ''Alpha Centauri'' best strategy game of the year. In 2000 ''Alpha Centauri'' won the Origins Award for Best Strategy Computer Game of 1999.
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Alpha Centauri has also won several Game of the Year awards, including those from The Denver Post and Toronto Sun. It won Turn-based Strategy Game of the year award from GameSpot as well. The Academy of Interactive Arts & Sciences named Alpha Centauri best strategy game of the year. In 2000 Alpha Centauri won the Origins Award for Best Strategy Computer Game of 1999.
   
 
The video game review aggregator websites Game Rankings and Metacritic, which collect data from numerous review websites, gave it scores of 92%<ref name="GameRankings">{{cite web | title = Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri for PC | work = GameRankings | publisher = CBS Interactive | date = | url = http://www.gamerankings.com/pc/96102-sid-meiers-alpha-centauri/index.html | accessdate = October 29, 2009}}</ref> and 89%.<ref name="Metacritic">{{cite web | title = Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri for Windows | work = Moby Games | publisher = Moby Games | date = | url = http://www.mobygames.com/game/windows/sid-meiers-alpha-centauri | accessdate = October 29, 2009}}</ref>
 
The video game review aggregator websites Game Rankings and Metacritic, which collect data from numerous review websites, gave it scores of 92%<ref name="GameRankings">{{cite web | title = Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri for PC | work = GameRankings | publisher = CBS Interactive | date = | url = http://www.gamerankings.com/pc/96102-sid-meiers-alpha-centauri/index.html | accessdate = October 29, 2009}}</ref> and 89%.<ref name="Metacritic">{{cite web | title = Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri for Windows | work = Moby Games | publisher = Moby Games | date = | url = http://www.mobygames.com/game/windows/sid-meiers-alpha-centauri | accessdate = October 29, 2009}}</ref>
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===Alien Crossfire===
 
===Alien Crossfire===
 
{{Main|Sid Meier's Alien Crossfire}}
 
{{Main|Sid Meier's Alien Crossfire}}
 
 
''Alien Crossfire'' was the expansion for ''Alpha Centauri'', featuring seven new factions (two of which are non-human), new technologies, new facilities, new secret projects, new alien life forms, new unit special abilities, new victory conditions (including the new ''Progenitor Victory'') and several additional new concepts and strategies.<ref name="B" /> ''Alien Crossfire'' introduced an alien race called the Progenitors, who created Planet (which they call ''Manifold Six''). The Progenitors have split into two groups (Usurpers and Caretakers), whilst the human factions have been undergoing internal struggle and split into the rest of the new factions.
 
''Alien Crossfire'' was the expansion for ''Alpha Centauri'', featuring seven new factions (two of which are non-human), new technologies, new facilities, new secret projects, new alien life forms, new unit special abilities, new victory conditions (including the new ''Progenitor Victory'') and several additional new concepts and strategies.<ref name="B" /> ''Alien Crossfire'' introduced an alien race called the Progenitors, who created Planet (which they call ''Manifold Six''). The Progenitors have split into two groups (Usurpers and Caretakers), whilst the human factions have been undergoing internal struggle and split into the rest of the new factions.
   
 
=== Fiction ===
 
=== Fiction ===
 
{{main|The Alpha Centauri story}}
 
{{main|The Alpha Centauri story}}
 
 
The original story of the journey and splintering of the colonization space ship from Earth to Alpha Centauri was detailed in multiple installments that were released periodically by Michael Ely of Firaxis on the web, immediately prior to the release of the game, for marketing purposes. During the course of the installments, the names of regular forum members on the official Firaxis forums were incorporated into the story in cameos. The resulting short story ''[[Journey to Centauri]]'' can be downloaded from the official website.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.firaxis.com/smac/story.cfm |title=Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri: The Story |publisher=Firaxis.com |date= |accessdate=2010-06-04}}</ref> A second short story, ''[[Centauri: Arrival]]'', introducing the ''Alien Crossfire'' factions, is also downloadable from that site.
 
The original story of the journey and splintering of the colonization space ship from Earth to Alpha Centauri was detailed in multiple installments that were released periodically by Michael Ely of Firaxis on the web, immediately prior to the release of the game, for marketing purposes. During the course of the installments, the names of regular forum members on the official Firaxis forums were incorporated into the story in cameos. The resulting short story ''[[Journey to Centauri]]'' can be downloaded from the official website.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.firaxis.com/smac/story.cfm |title=Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri: The Story |publisher=Firaxis.com |date= |accessdate=2010-06-04}}</ref> A second short story, ''[[Centauri: Arrival]]'', introducing the ''Alien Crossfire'' factions, is also downloadable from that site.
   
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== Availability ==
 
== Availability ==
 
Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri and its expansion pack are both now available at many online retailers very cheaply. A digital download including both the base game and Alien Crossfire expansion may be purchased on [http://www.gog.com/gamecard/sid_meiers_alpha_centauri GOG.com] for $5.99.
 
Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri and its expansion pack are both now available at many online retailers very cheaply. A digital download including both the base game and Alien Crossfire expansion may be purchased on [http://www.gog.com/gamecard/sid_meiers_alpha_centauri GOG.com] for $5.99.
 
==Videos==
 
[[File:Gaming History Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri "The greatest story ever played"|thumb|center|300px]]
 
   
 
==Notes==
 
==Notes==
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