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There are 21 different terrain types in Sid Meier's Colonization. Listed here are the base yields, which can be increased by specialists working the terrain and the bonus resources that may be available on a tile.

Terrain Food Move cost Defense Tobacco Cotton Sugar Furs Lumber Ore Silver Resource
Arctic (Col).png Arctic 0 2 None 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 None
Boreal forest (Col).png Boreal forest 2 2 50% 0 0 0 3 4 1 0 Game
Broadleaf forest (Col).png Broadleaf forest 2 2 50% 0 1 0 2 4 0 0 Game
Conifer forest (Col).png Conifer forest 2 2 50% 1 0 0 2 6 0 0 Prime timber
Desert (Col).png Desert 2 1 None 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 Oasis
Grassland (Col).png Grassland 3 1 None 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 Prime tobacco
Hills (Col).png Hills 2 2 100% 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 Ore deposit
Marsh (Col).png Marsh 3 2 25% 2 0 0 0 0 2 0 Minerals
Mixed forest (Col).png Mixed forest 3 2 50% 0 1 0 3 6 0 0 Beaver
Mountains (Col).png Mountains 0 3 150% 0 0 0 0 0 4 1 Silver deposit
Ocean (Col).png Ocean 4 1 None 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Fishery
Plains (Col).png Plains 5 1 None 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 Wheat
Prairie (Col).png Prairie 3 1 None 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 Prime cotton
Rain forest (Col).png Rain forest 2 3 75% 0 0 1 1 4 1 0 Minerals
Savannah (Col).png Savannah 4 1 None 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 Prime sugar
Sea lane (Col).png Sea lane 4 1 None 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 None
Scrub forest (Col).png Scrub forest 2 1 50% 0 1 0 2 4 1 0 Oasis
Swamp (Col).png Swamp 3 2 25% 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 Minerals
Tropical forest (Col).png Tropical forest 3 2 50% 0 0 1 2 4 0 0 Prime timber
Tundra (Col).png Tundra 3 1 None 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 Minerals
Wetland forest (Col).png Wetland forest 2 3 50% 1 0 0 2 4 1 0 Minerals

Food on land tiles is harvested as Grain; on water tiles, as Fish. All forest tiles may be plowed by a Pioneer to transform them into a treeless terrain type:

Terrain Converts to
Boreal forest Tundra
Broadleaf forest Prairie
Conifer forest Grassland
Mixed forest Plains
Rain forest Swamp
Scrub forest Desert
Tropical forest Savannah
Wetland forest Marsh

This conversion is permanent and any resource present will be deleted. As a side effect, it also produces some lumber in the near colony.

Colonization games [edit]
Original version of Sid Meier's Colonization (1994)

BuildingsCivilizationsCheatingFounding FathersIndiansIndependenceSoundtrackTerrainUnitsTipsFAQ

Remake Civilization IV: Colonization (2008)

BuildingsCivilizationsFounding FathersGoodsPointsProfessionsPromotionsTerrainTraitsUnitsVictory

Fan Created version FreeCol (2003-Present)
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