Civilization Wiki
Wikipedia has a page called:

Victory Points (often abbreviated VP) are a means of tracking players' progress in the Civilization and related games. Founding a city, building a wonder, and researching a technology are just a few of the different ways to earn Victory Points.

Victory Point totals are often used to determine who achieves victory in a scenario, or in a standard game if time runs out and no player has achieved any of the victory conditions yet.