George Washington (22 February 1732 – 14 December 1799) was the first President of the United States of America and an important general in the American Revolutionary War.
George Washington is the leader of the Americans in Civilization V. He speaks American English with a modern Virginian accent. He is seen inside a colonial style house - possibly Mount Vernon, his personal plantation. Alternately, this house could be located in New York City or Philadelphia, early capitals of the U.S.A. (The famous White House was not yet built during Washington's terms.) Washington's outfit and the room's decor appear to be inspired by the Lansdowne portrait, and the Oracle can be seen in a painting hanging over the fireplace in the background.
Unique Ability: Manifest Destiny
Voice Actor: Marcel Jeanin
|Wonder Competitiveness||3 (5-1)|
|City-State Influence Competitiveness||5 (7-3)|
|Hate Warmongers||7 (9-5)|
|Willingness to Denounce||4 (6-2)|
|Willingness to Declare Friendship||6 (8-4)|
|Offensive Unit Production||6 (8-4)|
|Defensive Unit Production||8 (10-6)|
|Defensive Building Production||6 (8-4)|
|Military Training Buildings Production||5 (7-3)|
|Recon Unit Production||8 (10-6)|
|Ranged Unit Production||5 (7-3)|
|Mobile Unit Production||5 (7-3)|
|Naval Unit Production||5 (7-3)|
|Naval Recon Unit Production||4 (6-2)|
|Air Unit Production||6 (8-4)|
|Naval Growth||5 (7-3)|
|Naval Tile Improvements||5 (7-3)|
|Water Connections||5 (7-3)|
|Tile Improvements||5 (7-3)|
|Infrastructure (Roads)||5 (7-3)|
|Production Emphasis||5 (7-3)|
|Gold Emphasis||6 (8-4)|
|Science Emphasis||6 (8-4)|
|Culture Emphasis||6 (8-4)|
|Happiness Emphasis||7 (9-5)|
|Great People Emphasis||6 (8-4)|
|Wonder Emphasis||5 (7-3)|
|Religion Emphasis||4 (6-2)|
|Diplomacy Victory||7 (9-5)|
|Spaceship Victory||8 (10-6)|
|Nuke Production||6 (8-4)|
|Use of Nukes||8 (10-6)|
|Use of Espionage||7 (9-5)|
|Anti-Air Production||6 (8-4)|
|Air Carrier Production||8 (10-6)|
|Land Trade Route Emphasis||5 (7-3)|
|Sea Trade Route Emphasis||5 (7-3)|
|Archaeology Emphasis||5 (7-3)|
|Trade Origin Emphasis||5 (7-3)|
|Trade Destination Emphasis||5 (7-3)|
|Airlift Emphasis||5 (7-3)|
|Likeliness to Declare War||4 (6-2)|
|Likeliness to be Hostile||3 (5-1)|
|Likeliness to be Deceptive||5 (7-3)|
|Likeliness to be Guarded||6 (8-4)|
|Likeliness to be Afraid||4 (6-2)|
|Likeliness to be Friendly||7 (9-5)|
|Likeliness to be Neutral||5 (7-3)|
|Ignore City-States||6 (8-4)|
|Friendliness to City-States||7 (9-5)|
|Protection of City-States||5 (7-3)|
|Conquest of City-States||4 (6-2)|
|Bullying of City-States||6 (8-4)|
Personality and BehaviorEdit
George Washington prefers to try for a scientific victory, though he may attempt a diplomatic or cultural victory under certain conditions. Domination victories will be less common.
Washington is one of the easier leaders to befriend and is loyal to his allies. He is bold, but not particularly aggressive, and is very forgiving as long as he does not see the player as a warmonger.
Washington focuses on founding and developing cities and keeping his people happy. His infrastructure will only be average, but his army will often be the largest in the game.
Washington is fond of using reconnaissance units and spies to establish surveillance in distant lands. During the later eras, he will make liberal use of air and anti-air units, and is also very likely to use nukes.
Washington tends to be friendly toward city-states. He can sometimes ask for tribute from them, but will rarely try to conquer them.
George Washington was one of a group of remarkable men who lived in the American Colonies in the late eighteenth century. Although not as pugnacious as John Adams, as imaginative as Benjamin Franklin, or as brilliant as Thomas Jefferson, Washington had the capacity to lead, in war and in peace. He led the Continental Army to victory against extraordinary odds, and by so doing he led his country to independence.
The descendent of English colonists who migrated to Virginia in 1657, George Washington was born into a family of wealth and privilege - or rather, as much wealth and privilege as could be found in the Colonies in the early eighteenth century. As a young man, Washington studied mathematics, writing, geography and probably Latin, but he never attended college. Instead, he concentrated upon learning how to raise stock, farm and manage his family's growing estates. Washington was also trained as a surveyor and spent several years scouting and mapping the lands in and around the colony of Virginia.
French and Indian WarEdit
In 1754 war broke out between England (and her colonies) and the French and their allies the Indians. Washington fought in several engagements during this war, showing a great deal of courage and coolness under fire, but no especial strategic or tactical brilliance. Eventually the war ended with the English victorious, and Washington resigned from the Colonial forces with the honorary rank of Brigadier General.
After the war, Washington married and devoted himself to his growing estates. He apparently greatly enjoyed managing his farms and plantations and was not above shedding his coat and helping with manual labor. He also sat in the House of Burgesses in Williamsburg, the mostly-impotent local governing body of Virginia (real power definitely resided with the Royal Governor of the colony and with King and Parliament back in England).
Although a loyalist, Washington too chafed under the growing burden of taxation placed on the Colonies by Parliament (largely imposed to help pay off debts from the recent French and Indian War). As tensions grew and England ratcheted up the pressure on the Colonies, Washington's position grew more radical, and by 1768 he declared himself ready to take up arms against England whenever his country called him. By 1774 Washington was a member of the Continental Congress, the first truly national organization of the nascent country. When actual fighting broke out in and around Boston in 1775, Washington was named as commander of the military forces of all of the Colonies, a post he maintained once actual independence was declared in 1776.
Commander of the Continental ArmyEdit
As military commander of the Revolutionary forces, Washington displayed the same strengths and weaknesses he had years before when fighting for England against France. He was personally courageous, almost to the point of foolhardiness. Early in the war he tended to favor overly-complex military actions beyond the capabilities of his volunteer soldiers, resulting in a series of near-catastrophic defeats at the hands of the professional British forces. But almost by force of will alone - through long, discouraging years of privation and defeat - he kept his army alive and in the field, and by so doing kept the revolution alive in the Colonies. Eventually, the sheer tenacity and growing skill of the Colonial Army and its general would win it the grudging admiration of even its fiercest enemies.
The entrance of France into the war on the side of the Colonies and increasing Colonial power and success on the battlefield led to growing anti-war sentiment of the British people. In 1781 Washington led his troops on a daring forced march into Virginia, where he (with the aid of a large contingent of French soldiers) besieged an entire British army on the peninsula of Yorktown. The French naval maneuvers having given them temporary command of the sea, the British general was unable to escape his predicament and surrendered his command. Although sporadic fighting continued for some months, the war was essentially over: America had won her independence.
President of the United StatesEdit
After the war, Washington presided over the Constitutional Convention, which determined the form of the new nation's government, and later served as its first President. As President, Washington sought to keep the country free from foreign entanglements, resisting close alliances or wars with any. He attempted (with little success) to keep the country free from political party rivalry and strife. Washington served two four-year terms as President, and then retired back to his home in Mount Vernon, Virginia, where he died two years later in 1799.
Washington's Place in HistoryEdit
George Washington is known for good reason as the "Father of the United States of America." While not the greatest general in world history, nor the greatest statesman, Washington had a great steadiness and courage in the face of adversity, and he was able to get men to willingly die for him. Without Washington, it's unlikely that the United States would have been born.
- Like many Americans today, Washington had a fondness for ice cream - he even had a cooler installed in his house to better enjoy the treat.
- Washington was very conscious of style and fashion. While he commanded the Virginia militia in the 1750s, he redesigned his soldiers' uniforms.
- Washington was the only president in history to have been unanimously elected, receiving all 69 votes of the Electoral College.
Attacked: You have mistaken our love of peace for weakness. You shall regret this!
Declares War: Your wanton aggression leaves us no choice. Prepare for war!
Defeated: The day...is yours. I hope you will be merciful in your triumph.
Demand: You would be well advised to give us what we want.
[Note: Never used in-game.]
[Note: Never used in-game.]
Gloat: I trust that you have learned that the United States are not to be trifled with.
[Note: Never used in-game.]
Hate Hello: Well?
Hate Let's Hear It 01: Go on.
Hate Let's Hear It 02: You were saying?
Hate No 01: Certainly not.
Hate No 02: We decline!
Hate No 03: You cannot be serious.
Hate Yes 01: I suppose I must.
Hate Yes 02: Agreed.
Hate Yes 03: Oh, very well.
Hate Yes 04: Alright.
Intro: The people of the United States of America welcome you.
Neutral Hello 01: Good day.
Neutral Hello 02: I trust you are a friend to liberty.
Neutral Let's Hear It 01: Proceed!
Neutral Let's Hear It 02: Go ahead.
Neutral Let's Hear It 03: I'm listening.
Neutral No 01: No.
Neutral No 02: Of course not!
Neutral Yes 01: Very well.
Neutral Yes 02: Alright.
Neutral Yes 03: Certainly!
Peaceful: We welcome peace with your great nation. I pray that no future misunderstanding will come between our two peoples.
Request: Is the following trade of interest to you?
Welcome President Washington! You lead the industrious American civilization! Formed in the conflagration of revolution in the 18th century, within a hundred years, the young nation became embroiled in a terrible civil war that nearly tore the country apart, but it was just a few short years later in the 20th century that the United States reached the height of its power, emerging triumphant and mighty from the two terrible wars that destroyed so many other great nations. The United States is a nation of immigrants, filled with optimism and determination. They lack only a leader to help them fulfill their promise.
President Washington, can you lead the American people to greatness? Can you build a civilization that will stand the test of time?