- "No matter how dark and difficult times may be, trust in the final triumph of our cause."
Wilhelmina (31 August 1880 – 28 November 1962) was Queen of the Netherlands from 1890 until her abdication in 1948, and is best remembered for her staunch support of the Dutch resistance during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands. She leads the Dutch in Civilization VI: Rise and Fall.
Wilhelmina's Dutch empire is at home on the flatlands where rivers run into the sea, building polders to fuel their growth and trade routes to span the globe.
Queen Wilhelmina, you will defend the Netherlands to the last. Turn coastland to farmland with Dutch ingenuity. Your citizens will farm with great efficiency, knowing that they are under the protection of your mighty warships. Above all, trade with everyone you meet. A good deal can turn a foe into a friend—and if not, the money will fund your opposition.
The Dutch will want to scout out the coastline near their start position to find rivers and natural bays within which to build their empire. Build a Harbor in each coastal city to grab extra tiles for your use and carefully plan which water tiles can be reclaimed by your Polders. Then build along the shores of your great rivers to maximize your Science, Culture and Production. Your plentiful Trade Routes will then finish the job by maintaining Loyalty in your cities, by providing Culture from foreign lands, and by amassing enough Gold for you to win by any victory.
Wilhelmina is voiced by Romy Snoeijers. She speaks Dutch, albeit with a stereotypical accent used to mock royals and elites instead of one that is appropriate for her time and status (which can be heard on the recording of her speech).
Agenda-based Approval: The Netherlands flourishes with every shipment you send to us. (Nederland floreert met elke zending die u ons stuurt.)
Agenda-based Disapproval: Those who refuse trade often think they can take what they want from us. They are sorely mistaken. (Wie handel weigert denkt vaak dat hij maar van ons kan pakken wat hij wil. Hij heeft het flink mis!)
Attacked: Your treacherous aggression shall not succeed. The Netherlands will endure! (Uw verraderlijke agressie zal geen succes kennen! Nederland houdt stand!)
Declares War: The Netherlands does not fear you. When we defeat you, we will be stronger than ever. (Nederland is onbevreesd voor u. Wanneer wij u verslaan, zijn wij sterker dan ooit.)
Defeated: With God's help, may the Netherlands one day reclaim its territory. (Moge Nederland met Gods hulp op een dag zijn grondgebied terugwinnen.)
Greeting: I am Wilhelmina, Queen of the Netherlands. It is my great pleasure to finally meet you. (Ik ben Wilhelmina, koningin der Nederlanden. Het is mij een grote eer u eindelijk te ontmoeten.)
Quote from Civilopedia: No matter how dark and difficult times may be, trust in the final triumph of our cause. (Hoe donker en moeilijk deze tijden ook zijn, gelooft u aan een uiteindelijke overwinning van onze zaak.)
[Note: This is a rephrased sentence from her speech during the first broadcast of Radio Oranje on 28 July 1940 - "hoe donker en moeilijk de tijden ook zijn, te blijven vertrouwen in de eindoverwinning van onze zaak."]
Accepts Delegation from Player: We have welcomed your delegates with appropriate honors, and we thank you.
Accepts Player's Declaration of Friendship: We are please to extend the hand of friendship. May our relationship be long and prosperous.
Rejects Player's Declaration of Friendship: We do not recognise your claim of friendship with the Netherlands.
Requests a Declaration of Friendship: Civilizations with such friendly relations as ours should proclaim this to the world, wouldn't you agree?
Player Accepts Declaration of Friendship: Wonderful.
Accepts a Trade Deal: We have heard no better offer.
Refuses a Trade Deal: We must decline.
Denounced by Player: We give you the benefit of our frank opinion: That you are unfit to rule, and a threat to the Netherlands.
Denounces Player: It is our fervent desire to tell you just how awful we find you, and we wish your reign to be brief.
Too Many Troops Near Her Border: Do you think us unaware of your plans? We demand you move your troops from our borders at once!
Invitation to Capital: We desire to trade the location of our capital cities, to our mutual and lasting benefit.
Invitation to City: The Netherlands welcomes you to learn of our capital, and invite you to reciprocate.
For as long as she could speak, Wilhelmina only ever knew a life where she was (or would become) Queen of the Netherlands. The longest reigning Dutch monarch led her people through tumultuous times—the dawn of the 20th Century, the economic collapse of the 1930s, and both World Wars. She did so with dignity and aplomb, unquestionably committed to the principles of Dutch sovereignty.
Born in 1880 to King Willem III and his second wife, Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont, a four-year-old Wilhelmina became heir presumptive to the Netherlands after the death of her half-brother and great uncle. Willem died shortly after Wilhelmina’s tenth birthday. Emma served as regent for the young queen until Wilhelmina’s enthronement at the age of 18.
Queen Wilhelmina handled the early challenges of her life with a stubborn grace. The young queen certainly left an impression. Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom described the young Wilhelmina as pretty, polite, and intelligent, but Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany could attest to her keen wit. During a meeting prior to World War I, the Kaiser commented that his guards were “seven feet tall,” while Queen Wilhelmina’s were “only shoulder high.” She elegantly responded, “Quite true, Your Majesty, your guards are seven feet tall, but when we open our dikes, the water is ten feet deep!” The Netherlands maintained neutrality for the duration of World War I thanks to negotiations with the German Emperor—perhaps he remembered her threat.
Despite Dutch neutrality, Wilhelmina supported a strong defense policy throughout the Great War. She took an active interest in her nation’s military and insisted upon a protocol of vigilance at her country’s borders, even when it came to her husband, Prince Henry, crossing to visit his German family. She often traveled the country to visit troops and donate to relief funds. Much to Wilhelmina’s discontent, a sprawling World War I entangled the Netherlands in unexpected ways. The Allied blockade hindered Dutch trade, a sore point for a great merchant power. At the war’s end, Allied forces protested Wilhelmina’s decision to grant the Kaiser political asylum.
Queen Wilhelmina’s experiences in the War to End All Wars tempered her reign before the next world war began. She laid her husband to rest, then her mother, and secured the future of her royal line by helping her daughter Princess Juliana locate a suitable husband. Amidst all this, and around the wreckage of the world economy, her prudent investments would see her become one of the wealthiest people in the world.
World War II came to the Netherlands on May 10th, 1940 in the form of German invasion. Queen Wilhelmina declared a “flaming protest” at the attacks on her territory. She fled the Netherlands, taking refuge in England and sending her family to Canada for the war’s duration. Her departure was a calculated rather than cowardly move— if she remained, her people would assume collaboration. Wilhelmina’s departure declared her resistance. Her government-in-exile remained in London until the war’s end, and she encouraged occupied territories to remain strong on Radio Oranje. Spurred on by her words, the Dutch resistance fought on until her return in 1945.
After two World Wars and fifty-eight years of rule, Wilhelmina abdicated her throne to her daughter Juliana in 1948. During her reign, her decisions saw her nation through one of the most difficult times in modern history. Today, she remains fondly remembered by the Dutch.
- Wilhelmina's diplomacy screen shows a polder on a sunny day.
- Wilhelmina is often seen holding a parasol. Although hardly visible to the naked eye, its model is patterned with the Firaxis logo.
- Wilhelmina's leader ability is named after the BBC radio programme broadcast to the occupied Netherlands during World War II, while her leader agenda references her status as the world's first female billionaire.
- Wilhelmina is a distant descendant of both Robert the Bruce and Eleanor of Aquitaine, through Anne of England.
- Having passed away in 1962, Wilhelmina is the most recently deceased leader in Civilization VI and its expansions.
A small Country, a great people, so sorely tried
Win a regular game as Queen Wilhelmina
As Wilhelmina, have seven cities and seven Zeven de Provincien at the start of the turn.
|Civilization VI Leaders |
Alexander1 • Amanitore1 • Ambiorix1 • Bà Triệu1 • Basil II1 • Catherine de Medici • Chandragupta • Cleopatra • Cyrus1 • Dido • Eleanor of Aquitaine • Frederick Barbarossa • Gandhi • Genghis Khan • Gilgamesh • Gitarja1 • Gorgo • Hammurabi1 • Harald Hardrada • Hojo Tokimune • Jadwiga1 • Jayavarman VII1 • João III1 • John Curtin1 • Kristina • Kublai Khan1 • Kupe • Lady Six Sky1 • Lautaro • Mansa Musa • Matthias Corvinus • Menelik II1 • Montezuma • Mvemba a Nzinga • Pachacuti • Pedro II • Pericles • Peter • Philip II • Poundmaker • Qin Shi Huang • Robert the Bruce • Saladin • Seondeok • Shaka • Simón Bolívar1 • Suleiman • Tamar • Teddy Roosevelt • Tomyris • Trajan • Victoria • Wilfrid Laurier • Wilhelmina
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